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Nossa and Nuestra América

Inter-American Dialogues

by Robert Patrick Newcomb

Publication Year: 2007

Is Brazil part of Latin America, or an island unto itself? As Nossa and Nuestra América: Inter-American Dialogues demonstrates, this question has been debated by Brazilian and Spanish American intellectuals alike since the early nineteenth century, though it has received limited scholarly attention and its answer is less obvious than you might think. This book charts Brazil’s evolving and often conflicted relationship with the idea of Latin America through a detailed comparative investigation of four crucial Latin American essayists: Uruguayan critic José Enrique Rodó, Brazilian writer-diplomat Joaquim Nabuco, Mexican humanist Alfonso Reyes, and Sérgio Buarque de Holanda, one of Brazil’s preeminent historians. While these writers are canonical figures in their respective national literary traditions, their thoughts on Brazilian–Spanish American relations are seldom investigated, and they are rarely approached from a comparative perspective. In Nossa and Nuestra América, Newcomb traces the development of two parallel essayistic traditions: Spanish American continentalist discourse and Brazil’s solidly national exegetic tradition. With these essayistic traditions in mind, he argues that Brazil plays a necessary—and necessarily problematic—role in the intellectual construction of “Latin America.” Further, in traversing the Luso-Hispanic frontier and bringing four of Latin America’s preeminent thinkers into critical dialogue, Newcomb calls for a truly comparative approach to Luso-Brazilian and Spanish American literary and cultural studies. Nossa and Nuestra América will be of interest to scholars and students of Latin American and Luso-Brazilian literature and ideas, and to anyone interested in rethinking comparative approaches to literary texts written in Portuguese and Spanish.

Published by: Purdue University Press

Series: Purdue Studies in Romance Literatures


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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5


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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments and Note on Translations

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pp. vii-viii

This book would not have been completed without the collaboration and support of a number of individuals and institutions. I would like to first thank my colleagues in the Department of ...

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Introduction: This Our Disunion

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pp. 1-6

In a 1993 call-to-arms for comparative Luso-Hispanic studies, evocatively titled "Down with Tordesillas!," the critic Jorge Schwartz observes the "problem of integrating" Brazil into a ...

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1. Counterposing Nossa and Nuestra América

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pp. 7-55

...plain how this broad interest finds focus in the context of this identity—an inquiry that in turn leads writers like José Enrique nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a series of decades in mony, the problem of Brazil’s place in Latin America predates this period, and continues to be relevant today. Consequently, I ...

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2. José Enrique Rodó: “Iberoamérica,” the Magna Patria, and the Question of Brazil

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pp. 57-86

Uruguayan writer-critic José Enrique Rodó (1871–1917), best literary and intellectual figures.1 Ariel, published to acclaim narratives of legitimation [. . .] propagated by literature at the (1878), a “philosophical” sequel to the play2 —to make an darity. Rodó’s thinking exists at the crossroads of philosophical ...

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3. Joaquim Nabuco: Monarchy’s End and the “South Americanization” of Brazil

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pp. 87-134

...diplomacy, and social activism during the later years of Brazil’s that followed. Nabuco, the son of a prominent liberal politician tant contributions to Brazilian intellectual history, including four-volume biography of his father, the statesman José Tomás Balmaceda (1895), originally published in Brazil as a series of ...

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4. Alfonso Reyes: Culture, Humanism, and Brazil’s Place in the American Utopia

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pp. 135-182

It is difficult to properly convey the extent of the contribution written record he left in the twenty-six volumes of the Fondo de on the history of ideas, politics, diplomacy, travel, language, wrote his own poetry (including a poetic rewriting of the legend most of Homer’s Iliad. Among the preferred topics of Reyes’s ...

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5. Sérgio Buarque de Holanda: Obscured Roots of Rodó in Raízes do Brasil

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pp. 183-210

A tentativa de implantação da cultura européia em extenso território, dotado de condições naturais, se não adversas, largamente estranhas à sua...

Appendix: English Translations

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pp. 211-217


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pp. 219-240

Works Cited

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pp. 241-252


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pp. 253-264

About the Author

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pp. 265-265

E-ISBN-13: 9781612491516
E-ISBN-10: 1612491510
Print-ISBN-13: 9781557536037
Print-ISBN-10: 1557536031

Page Count: 228
Publication Year: 2007

Series Title: Purdue Studies in Romance Literatures
Series Editor Byline: Patricia Hart See more Books in this Series

OCLC Number: 785870852
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Nossa and Nuestra América

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Comparative literature -- Brazilian and Spanish American.
  • Comparative literature -- Spanish American and Brazilian.
  • Spanish American literature -- History and criticism.
  • Brazilian literature -- History and criticism.
  • Latin America -- Civilization.
  • Nationalism and literature -- Brazil.
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