Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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p. vii

Acknowledgments

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pp. viii-ix

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Introduction

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pp. 1-4

ANY PARALLEL reading of such distinct writers as E. M. Forster and Constantine Cavafy must be qualified; for what bearing do Forster’s quintessentially British novels, stories and essays have on the abstrusely historical and erotic musings of an Alexandrian poet? The answer is somewhat complex...

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1. A Mutual Hellenism

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pp. 5-31

MANY GENERAL observations have been made about the influence of Cavafy on Forster. The common assumption is that, prior to his stay in Alexandria, Forster possessed a narrow classicizing view of Hellenism that his contact with the Greek poet challenged and ultimately changed. ...

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2. The Road from Colonus

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pp. 32-51

FORSTER’S DEBT to classical Greece for inspiration and subject matter cannot be overemphasized. In keeping with the tradition of Victorian and Edwardian Hellenism, he habitually looked back to Hellenic culture as a moral and humanistic standard, what he would eventually term “the spirit of life”...

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3. The Eastern Question

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pp. 52-87

THE RENASCENT INTEREST in Hellenism that gripped the Victorians and climaxed in what Hugh Kenner has termed the “Renaissance II”1 had a parallel in Orientalist studies. Europe’s rediscovery of India and the East is the subject of Raymond Schwab’s The Oriental Renaissance...

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4. Cavafy's Orientalizing Hellenism

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pp. 88-114

CAVAFY’S CONSTRUCTION of an Eastern Hellenic world as the valorized imaginary topos of his poems was, as we have seen, founded largely upon the acquired historic and literary traditions of Western Hellenism and Orientalism. The synthesis of these two discourses gradually produced...

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5. Forster and the Eclipse of Hellenism

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pp. 115-139

FORSTER’S A Passage to India surely owes something of its indeterminate nostos to Cavafy’s “Ithaka.”1 Both works share an Orientalizing journey motif which culminates in an ambiguous point of destination. Whereas in the poem the East serves as an exotic stimulus to an ostensibly Greek voyage...

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Conclusion

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pp. 140-142

IT IS ONE of the curiosities of publishing history that Forster’s posthumously printed fiction effected a critical reappraisal of the novelist’s other works, particularly in light of its homosexual revelations. Although Maurice was “completed” in 1914, the last section of the book was revised in 1919 and 1932...

Abbreviations

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pp. 143-144

Notes

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pp. 145-198

Appendix

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p. 199

Index [Includes About the Author and Back Cover]

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pp. 200-212