Frontmatter

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Box Boats

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p. i

Contents

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p. v

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

Two people deserve special mention for assistance ‘‘above and beyond’’: Captain Warren Leback, a man whose professional career involves a lengthy tenure as an important executive at Sea-Land, as well as a term as administrator of...

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Introduction

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pp. ix-xii

The weather in New York was hardly auspicious on Thursday, April 26, 1956. A cold rain fell on and off throughout the day, and the afternoon temperature never got beyond the mid-forties. While a crowd of 15,866 fans ignored the...

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Chapter 1: Cargo Ships, American Style

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pp. 1-12

Oceangoing cargo ships have never rivaled passenger liners— or, for that matter, sailing ships, naval vessels, or paddlewheel steamboats—as objects of general interest and curiosity. The famous Liberty ships of World War II may...

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Chapter 2: The Pan-Atlantic Steamship Company

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pp. 13-41

A corporation founded in the Great Depression year of 1933, called the Pan-Atlantic Steamship Company, can hardly lay claim to the kind of long and colorful maritime heritage that one associates with the likes of, say, Cunard...

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Chapter 3: From the Hudson River to Newark Bay

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pp. 42-67

When one thinks of New York Harbor, the image that often comes to mind is that of an inbound passenger liner proceeding slowly through the Narrows, past the Statue of Liberty, and finally ending its voyage at a pier along the...

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Chapter 4: Sea-Land

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pp. 68-98

If Malcom McLean’s Pan-Atlantic Steamship Company pioneered container-ship operations with the April 26, 1956, voyage of Ideal X from Port Newark to Houston, the idea of carrying detachable highway trailers aboard oceangoing...

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Chapter 5: Sea-Land Approaches Maturity (photos follow)

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pp. 99-144

Sea-Land continued to be the pacesetter in the growing container-ship industry for the rest of the 1960s, throughout the 1970s, and on into the 1980s. Malcom McLean’s company thus found itself continually in need of additional...

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Chapter 6: From RJR to CSX (photos follow)

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pp. 145-186

After the new SL-7s entered Sea-Land service in late 1972, Malcom McLean scaled back his involvement in the day-today operations of the company. McLean continued to retain substantial portions of the R. J. Reynolds stock he had...

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Chapter 7: After 1999 Horizon, Maersk-Sealand, and Beyond

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pp. 187-205

In January 1999, the CSX Corporation issued a seemingly routine announcement. It was splitting its Sea-Land subsidiary into three separate divisions. The international liner business would be one unit, and a separate division would...

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Chapter 8: Three Other Companies

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pp. 206-230

The shape and size of the current world container-ship fleet incorporates dimensions that few could possibly have predicted— or even imagined—on a rainy Thursday afternoon in April 1956 when Ideal X set sail for Houston from Port...

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Chapter 9: The Present--And the Future

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pp. 231-251

In the preceding chapters, I have attempted to tell the story of the first half-century of the container-ship industry by focusing on the rise and fall, after a fashion, of Sea- Land Service, with some incidental treatment of other...

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Epilogue

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pp. 252-254

The full story of the logistical effort behind the invasion of Iraq by Allied forces in the spring of 2003 will likely not be known in full for many years; perhaps all the details will never be known. One important fact at the conclusion of...

Appendix A: Vessel Roster

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pp. 255-282

Appendix B: Sea-Land Liner Services, 1999

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pp. 283-289

Appendix C: Maritime Activity at the Port of New York, Thursday, April 26, 1956

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pp. 290-294

Notes

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pp. 295-318

Bibliography

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p. 319

General Index

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pp. 321-333

Vessel Index

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pp. 335-338