We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE

Chimeras, Hybrids, and Interspecies Research

Politics and Policymaking

Publication Year: 2009

In his 2006 State of the Union speech, President George W. Bush asked the U.S. Congress to prohibit the most egregious abuses of medical research, such as the creation of animalûhuman hybrids. The president's message echoed that of a 2004 report by the Pr

Published by: Georgetown University Press


pdf iconDownload PDF


pdf iconDownload PDF


pdf iconDownload PDF
p. vii

List of Tables and Figures

pdf iconDownload PDF
p. ix

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF
p. xi

I am especially grateful to Northern Illinois University for its program of Presidential Research Professorships. Receipt of one of these awards provided the budgetary support and released time that enabled me to write this book. Without the award, it would not have been written. I also extend grateful acknowledgment...


pdf iconDownload PDF
p. xiii

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 1-25

At issue in this book are studies that combine genes, gametes, embryos, or embryonic stem (ES) cells from human and nonhuman species at the earliest stages of development. What is here called early interspecies research (ISR) involves the shared presence of human and/or animal embryos and ES cells in...

read more

Chapter 1. Chimeras

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 27-58

The image of the mythological chimera, a “symbolic monster composed of incongruous parts,” orients our minds to the idea of mixed parts coddled together (Anker and Nelkin 2004, 82). Although chimeras in ancient Greece were regarded as “dangerous, formidable, and powerful beasts, representing fantastic yet uncivilized...

read more

Chapter 2. Hybrids

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 59-75

The idea of a hybrid is a powerful symbol, and the animal-human hybrid is a particularly well-known metaphor for research run amok. The thought of hybrids gives skeptics reasons to be wary about biotechnology; for example, in a 2004 report the President’s Council on Bioethics (PCB) urged a “bright line” to be drawn...

read more

Chapter 3. Cybrids, Cross-Species Embryo Transfer, and Transgenics

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 77-110

While researching his daughter's mysterious disease that brought with it seizures and kidney breakdown, James Reston Jr. noticed this headline in the New York Times: “Human-Cow Hybrid Cells Are Topic of Ethics Panel” (Reston 2006, 183). Looking for answers for his daughter, Reston responded with bafflement...

read more

Chapter 4. Beliefs about Interspecies Interventions

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 111-129

Why does early interspecies research (ISR) matter? What accounts for the animus by some and largely silent acceptance by others? Understanding some of the bases for conflicting views helps indicate how early ISR is political in the way it attracts attention, elicits emotion, and prompts action to protect values...

read more

Conclusion: Is Early Interspecies Research Fundamentally Distinct?

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 131-137

What are we to make of the place of “animal-human hybrids” in bioethics and policy? Hybrids, along with genetic alterations, cloning, and ectogenesis (artificial uterus), entered the literature of bioethics and policy in the 1970s as a metaphor for unleashed biotechnology. This metaphor continues today: “Some transforming...


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 139-156


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 157-166

E-ISBN-13: 9781589017191
E-ISBN-10: 1589017196
Print-ISBN-13: 9781589015746
Print-ISBN-10: 1589015746

Page Count: 184
Publication Year: 2009

OCLC Number: 635960595
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Chimeras, Hybrids, and Interspecies Research

Research Areas


UPCC logo

Subject Headings

  • Mosaicism -- Research -- Government policy -- United States.
  • Transgenic animals -- Research -- Government policy -- United States.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access