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After Apartheid

Reinventing South Africa?

Ian Shapiro, Kahreen Tebeau

Publication Year: 2011

This is the first book to offer a thoroughgoing assessment of South Africa from its epochal transition to democracy two decades ago, up through the 2009 elections. Examining politics, the economy, public health, the rule of law, language, literature, and the media, the book will interest students not only of South Africa but of democratic consolidation, middle-income economies, highly unequal societies, multi-ethnic societies, and the AIDS pandemic.

Published by: University of Virginia Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-iv


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pp. v-vi

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pp. 1-18

The new South Africa is a teenager. It seems only yesterday it was a miraculous young life, an infant bubbling with promise. How could one overstate the hope and enthusiasm that accompanied its improbable birth? Millions throughout the country and around the world cheered as long lines of first-time voters queued patiently for hours over those three days in late April...

PART I - Politics and the Macroeconomy

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p. 19

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Poverty and Inequality in South Africa, 1994– 2007

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pp. 21-51

The first three governments led by the African National Congress (ANC) after 1994 had only modest success in tackling the challenges of poverty and inequality they inherited from the apartheid era. While the expansion of the welfare state has mitigated income poverty, especially in the early 2000s, the economy has continued to grow along a path that is unfriendly to the poor. ...

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Black Economic Empowerment since 1994: Diverse Hopes and Differentially Fulfilled Aspirations

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pp. 52-71

The fuller participation of black South Africans in the formal economy has been a central aspiration of African National Congress (ANC) policymakers since 1994. The government’s current “broad- based black economic empowerment” (BBBEE) strategy is a response to the widely criticized elite enrichment that purportedly marked the first phase of black economic empowerment (BEE). ...

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Forging Democrats: A Partial Success Story?

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pp. 72-104

To describe the African National Congress (ANC) as an ambitious political movement is a massive understatement. Presented with a highly fractured society characterized by high levels of disempowerment, inequality, and destitution, the ANC set out in 1994 to forge unity around a new national identity and a common constitutional dispensation. ...

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The Business Community after Apartheid and Beyond: An Analysis of Business’s Engagement in the Second Decade of Democracy

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pp. 105-135

The subprime mortgage lending crisis that emerged in the United States during 2007 created the worst economic crisis in the world in 2008, and the first economic recession in South Africa in seventeen years in 2009. The recession was formally announced by Statistics South Africa during the same month, April 2009, that President Zuma...

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Macroeconomic Policy and Its Governance after Apartheid

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pp. 136-178

The last decade and a half have been notable for South Africa’s greater integration with the international economy, domestic political stability, and the gains made in the governance and stability of macroeconomic policymaking. This essay reviews the institutional changes that have aligned the conduct of monetary and fiscal policy closely with recent international...

PART II - Health and Social Welfare

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p. 179

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AIDS Policy in Postapartheid South Africa

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pp. 181-198

AIDS policy is one of the most notorious features of postapartheid South Africa. In 1990, when the ban against the African National Congress (ANC) was lifted and South Africa began the transition to democracy, HIV prevalence was less than half a percent, but rising rapidly. ...

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The Role of Social and Economic Rights in Supporting Opposition in Postapartheid South Africa

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pp. 199-230

In 1995, Courtney Jung and Ian Shapiro published an article about South Africa’s democratic transition.1 In it they argued that South Africa’s negotiated settlement had yielded a constitution that was more focused on guaranteeing representation for minority whites than on entrenching opposition. ...

PART III - The Rule of Law

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p. 231

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The Pasts and Future of the Rule of Law in South Africa

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pp. 233-268

In 1996, the constitution of the Republic of South Africa marked the beginning of a new era in South African law (sec. 1(c)). It lists among the founding values of the new republic the “supremacy of the constitution and the rule of law” and, while it entrenches standard liberal rights and freedoms, it also goes well beyond. ...

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Anticorruption Reforms in Democratic South Africa

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pp. 269-293

Weeks before South Africa’s fourth democratic election, acting National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) boss Mokotedi Mpshe announced on 6 April 2009 that all charges of corruption against African National Congress (ANC) president Jacob Zuma would be dropped...

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The Land Question: Exploring Obstacles to Land Redistribution in South Africa

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pp. 294-308

The gradual conversion of a large number of the indigenous people of present-day South Africa into wage laborers, particularly after the discovery of minerals in the latter part of the nineteenth century (see Bundy 1988; Mafeje 1988), has led to a peculiar situation in which the land question in South Africa has been marginalized. ...

PART IV - Language and Media

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p. 309

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After Apartheid: The Language Question

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pp. 311-331

In their book, Writing Science: Literacy and Discursive Power, Halliday and Martin (1993, 10) state what ought to be obvious, but for the fact that most of us never think about language as an issue in our societies. They write, “The history of humanity is not only a history of socio-economic activity. It is also a history of semiotic activity.” ...

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Contested Media Environments in South Africa: The Making of Communications Policy since 1994

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pp. 332-359

The democratic transition in South Africa has seen complex developments over who controls communications. Unlike the apartheid era of racist state control, aspirations for a nonracial and pluralistic landscape have largely been fulfilled. However, during the democratic period, there has been increased involvement by government in communications policymaking...


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pp. 361-362


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pp. 363-376

E-ISBN-13: 9780813931012
E-ISBN-10: 0813931010
Print-ISBN-13: 9780813930978
Print-ISBN-10: 0813930979

Page Count: 384
Illustrations: 16 figures, 6 tables
Publication Year: 2011

OCLC Number: 757486942
MUSE Marc Record: Download for After Apartheid

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • South Africa -- Economic conditions -- 1991-.
  • South Africa -- Social conditions -- 1994-.
  • South Africa -- Politics and government -- 1994-.
  • Post-apartheid era -- South Africa.
  • Democracy -- South Africa.
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