Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

For some time now, I have been troubled by the venom directed at undocumented workers who have crossed borders in search of a better life. Since the 1970s, I have had the privilege and opportunity to meet and represent countless individuals whom the anti-immigrant lobby and the mass media have dubbed “illegal” immigrants. These are decent folks ...

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Introduction: A Time to Think Broadly

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pp. 1-8

The vitriol and hate rhetoric directed at undocumented immigrants in the United States is as palpable as ever: “They are lawbreakers!” “They take our jobs!” “They don’t learn English!” “They commit crimes!” “They run up costs of schools, medical care, and public services!”...

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1. The NAFTA Effect

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pp. 9-28

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) of 1994, vigorously endorsed by the political leaders of the United States, Mexico, and Canada, was supposed to fix the problem of undocumented Mexican migration into the United States.1 NAFTA would be the permanent solution....

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2. Revolutionary Mexico: A Brief Economic and Political History

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pp. 29-62

To understand the U.S.–Mexico immigration dynamic, policymakers must examine Mexico through a complex series of lenses. Obviously, Mexico’s economic and political history directly affects its residents and thus the flow of immigrants into the United States. Certainly, the reasons that many Mexicans come to the United States to work are varied ...

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3. Canadian Stability and Responsibility

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pp. 63-78

In contrast with Mexico, Canada, the other NAFTA partner of the United States, has done well, benefiting from the agreement. Even in the face of the recent global economic crisis that has presented severe challenges to the United States and the rest of the world, Canada’s economy has stood out as remarkably strong. Given its strategic alliance with North ...

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4. The European Union Strategy

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pp. 79-95

In contrast to the failure of NAFTA to incorporate labor migration and development assistance to poor members in its vision, the European Union (EU) evolved with rigorous commitment to the economic stability of all members and freedom of travel. The EU approach permits open labor, engages...

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5. Celtic Tiger: The Irish Example

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pp. 96-115

Taking a closer look at Ireland gives us a good sense of the benefits of the European Union’s investment approach to a formerly poor, emigrant-exporting country. Ireland developed into an economically successful country that attracted immigrants. While the analogy between Mexico ...

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6. The Failed Enforcement Approach: “There Ain’t No Reason to Treat Them Like Animals”

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pp. 116-132

Instead of addressing the contemporary causes of undocumented Mexican migration that are linked to NAFTA and globalization, the United States has addressed the symptoms of the challenge by adopting an enforcementonly approach. That approach has failed miserably, because the social and economic forces ...

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7. Contemplating North American Integration and Other Alternatives

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pp. 133-159

The failure of the current immigration enforcement strategy and the role that NAFTA has played in putting more pressure on Mexican migration demands that we look for alternative approaches to the challenge of undocumented Mexican migration. The enforcementonly approach to immigration that fails to address visa demands and a trade policy that...

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Epilogue: The Ethical Border: Thinking Outside the (Big) Box

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pp. 161-185

The U.S. immigration system is broken, and enforcing that dysfunctional system has led to troubling results. Hundreds of border crossers have died each year for many years now as a result of Operation Gatekeeper, which pushes migrants to attempt to enter at the most treacherous parts of the deserts and mountains. Anti-immigrant ordinances and ...

Notes

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pp. 187-218

Bibliography

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pp. 219-229

Index

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pp. 231-237