Basic Concepts of Aristotelian Philosophy
Publication Year: 2009
Volume 18 of Martin Heidegger's collected works presents his important 1924 Marburg lectures which anticipate much of the revolutionary thinking that he subsequently articulated in Being and Time. Here are the seeds of the ideas that would become Heidegger's unique phenomenology. Heidegger interprets Aristotle's Rhetoric and looks closely at the Greek notion of pathos. These lectures offer special insight into the development of his concepts of care and concern, being-at-hand, being-in-the-world, and attunement, which were later elaborated in Being and Time. Available in English for the first time, they make a significant contribution to ancient philosophy, Aristotle studies, Continental philosophy, and phenomenology.
Published by: Indiana University Press
Series: Studies in Continental Thought
Title Page, Copyright
Basic Concepts of Aristotelian Philosophy is a translation of a lecture course given by Martin Heidegger at the University of Marburg in the summer semester of 1924. The original German text, Grundbegriffe der aristotelischen Philosophie, appeared in 2002 as volume 18 of Heidegger’s Gesamtausgabe. The lecture course took place during Heidegger’s...
I The Text of the Lecture on the Basis of Student Writings
§1. The Philological Purpose of the Lecture: Consideration of Some Basic Concepts of Aristotelian Philosophy in Their Conceptuality The purpose of this lecture is to gain an understanding of some basic concepts of Aristotelian philosophy, specifically through an engagement with the text of the Aristotelian treatises. Basic concepts--not all, but ,some, and so presumably the primary matters with which Aristotelian research is occupied. As for the selection of these basic concepts, we are in a favorable position since a treatise has come down...
FIRST PART. Preliminary Understanding as to the Indigenous Character of Conceptuality by Way of an Explication of Being-There as Being-in-the-World: An Orientation toward Aristotelian Basic Concepts
CHAPTER ONE Consideration of Definition as the Place of the Explicability of the Concept and the Return to the Ground of Definition
“Logic” answers the question: what is meant by concept? There is no “logic” in the sense that one speaks of it simply as “logic.” “Logic” is an outgrowth of Hellenistic scholasticism, which adapted the philosophical research of the past in a scholastic manner. Neither Plato nor Aristotle knew of “logic.” Logic, as it prevailed in the Middle Ages, may be defined...
CHAPTER TWO The Aristotelian Definition of the Being-There of the Human Being as ζωή πρακτική in the Sense of a ψυχῆς ἐνέργεια
Aristotle defines the being-there of human beings as a ζωή πρακτική τις τοῦ λόγον ἔχοντος,1 “a life, specifically one that is πρακτική, of such a being as has language.” We must attempt an interpretation of this definition in order to procure a concrete view of what Aristotle understands by the being...
CHAPTER THREE The Interpretation of the Being-There of Human Beings with regard to the Basic Possibility of Speaking-with-One-Another Guided by Rhetoric
So far, this consideration came to a preliminary end when we set forth the basic determinations that pertain to this being of human beings. We reached the definition of the being of the ζωή of human beings. Aristotle defines it as ψυχῆς ἐνέργεια κατ’ ἀρετὴν τελείαν.1 Ἐνέργεια is a character of those beings that are ensouled, that are in the mode of...
SECOND PART Retrieving Interpretation of Aristotelian Basic Concepts on the Basis of the Understanding of the Indigenous Character of Conceptuality
CHAPTER ONE The Being-There of Human Beings as the Indigenous Character of Conceptuality
The consideration of the being-there of human beings as being-in-the-world has been brought to a certain conclusion. This being-in-the-world has the basic character of its being in λόγος. Λόγος pervades being-in. What is preserved in λόγος is the manner and mode in which the world and the being-there that is itself discovered therein are opened...
CHAPTER TWO Interpretation of the Cultivation of the Concept of κίνησις as a Radical Grasping of the Interpretedness of Being-There
The interpretedness that itself prevails in being-there, where the latter is determined by προαίρεσις, stands under the possibility of being grasped, in the sense that the world is genuinely considered in its being-there, and being-inthe- world can be examined with respect to what it is. In relation to the interpretedness of being-there itself, there...
IIThe Text of the Lecture Course on the Basis of the Preserved Parts of the Handwritten Manuscript
The purpose of this lecture course is to bring to understanding some basic concepts from out of the circle of Aristotelian research. More precisely, it is to give direction as to listening for what Aristotle has to say. And this direction is to be conveyed by way of our attempting listening in concrete examples...