In this Book

Hope Is Cut
summary

How do ambitious young men grapple with an unemployment rate in urban Ethiopia hovering around fifty percent? Urban, educated, and unemployed young men have been the primary force behind the recent unrest and revolutions in North Africa and the Middle East. Daniel Mains' detailed and moving ethnographic study, Hope is Cut, examines young men's struggles to retain hope for the future in the midst of economic uncertainty and cultural globalization.

Through a close ethnographic examination of young men's day-to-day lives Hope is Cut explores the construction of optimism through activities like formal schooling, the consumption of international films, and the use of khat, a mild stimulant.

Mains also provides a consideration of social theories concerning space, time, and capitalism. Young men here experience unemployment as a problem of time—they often congregate on street corners, joking that the only change in their lives is the sun rising and setting. Mains addresses these factors and the importance of reciprocity and international migration as a means of overcoming the barriers to attaining aspirations.

Table of Contents

  1. Contents
  2. p. vii
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  1. Series Editors’ Preface
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xiii
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  1. Introduction: Youth, Hope, Stratification, and Time
  2. pp. 1-23
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  1. 1. The Historical and Cultural Roots of Unemploymentand Stratification in Urban Ethiopia
  2. pp. 25-42
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  1. 2. Imagining Hopeful Futures through Khat and Film
  2. pp. 43-66
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  1. 3. “We Live Like Chickens; We Are Just Eating and Sleeping”: Progress, Education, and the Temporal Struggles of Young Men
  2. pp. 67-86
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  1. 4. Working toward Hope: Youth Unemployment, Occupational Status, and Values
  2. pp. 87-112
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  1. 5. Hopeful Exchanges: Reciprocity and Changing Dimensions of Urban Stratification
  2. pp. 113-134
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  1. 6. Spatial Fixes to Temporal Problems: Migration, Social Relationships, and Work
  2. pp. 135-153
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  1. Conclusion: Sustaining Hope in the Present and the Future
  2. pp. 155-169
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 171-177
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  1. References
  2. pp. 179-186
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 187-193
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