Front Cover

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Foreword

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pp. vii-viii

Providing decent and affordable housing to low-income people has been a challenge to officials at all levels of government for decades. During my twelve-year tenure as mayor of Baltimore, I worked with the housing secretaries of three U.S. presidents on this challenge, particularly as it relates to those living in public housing. It was under President Bill Clinton’s housing secretary, ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

Many people and institutions must be recognized for their help in making this book possible. First are the five organizations whose long-standing dedication to human and community development translated into financial support for this project: Bank of America, Annie E. Casey Foundation, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. They ...

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1: A New Moment for People and Cities

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pp. 3-13

In the winter of 1993, early in my tenure as secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) in the Clinton administration, I took a road trip to Baltimore that profoundly affected my aspirations for public housing and urban neighborhoods. I took the trip at the request of James Rouse, a lifelong...

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2: The Origins of HOPE VI

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pp. 15-29

HOPE VI is one of the most successful urban redevelopment initiatives of the past half-century. The program has had an impact on hundreds of distressed city neighborhoods, helping revitalize communities once characterized by lawlessness and decline. It has triggered a broader— though still incomplete—transformation of the public housing system from...

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3: The Evolution of HOPE VI as a Development Program

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pp. 31-47

Early in its implementation, the HOPE VI program took a significant turn that had far-reaching repercussions, not only for the program itself but also for the U.S. public housing system in general. As discussed in chapter 2, the National Commission for Severely Distressed Public Housing, created in 1989, called for redeveloping the worst of the sites, which comprised...

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4. HOPE VI and New Urbanism

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pp. 49-63

HOPE VI’s goal of replacing enclaves of concentrated poverty with new mixed-income communities called for a revolutionary design approach as well as progressive social and economic programs. Fortunately, the creation of HOPE VI coincided with the emergence of New Urbanism, an alternative to the flawed design theories that had shaped architecture and urban design worldwide in the post–World War II era. At the behest of HUD, a group of new urbanists helped to apply their new design model to transform...

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5. HOPE VI and the Deconcentration of Poverty

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pp. 65-81

Serious study of urban poverty was ended for more than two decades by the fallout from Daniel Patrick Moynihan’s controversial 1965 report on the problems of the black family.1 In 1987, William Julius Wilson’s examination of the “underclass,” The Truly Disadvantaged, revived it.2 Jumpstarted it, one might say...

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6. An Overview of HOPE VI Revitalization Grant Projects

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pp. 85-91

Hope VI provides the seed capital and parameters for locally driven solutions to the problems that severely distressed public housing sites pose for residents, neighborhoods, and cities. At the end of 2008, HOPE VI Revitalization program grants had been awarded to 246 developments in...

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7. New Holly, Seattle

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pp. 93-119

Recent immigrants to this country perceive the community in which they live and the United States as one and the same. For the many immigrants residing in Seattle’s Holly Park public housing project in the early 1990s, the United Built with haste during World War II as temporary housing for shipyard workers, the barracks-style Holly Park community was largely falling apart ...

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8. The Villages of Park DuValle, Louisville

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pp. 121-141

It is hard to believe that a pretty yellow house with a basket of pink flowers suspended between its porch columns now sits at 32nd Street and Young Avenue, once the “the meanest street corner in Louisville.”1 On a weekday afternoon in December 2007, the green chairs on the front porch are empty and all is quiet. Similarly well-tended homes up and down the block also are quiet—although ...

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9. The Atlanta Blueprint: Transforming Public Housing Citywide

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pp. 145-167

Public housing in Atlanta has undergone a remarkable transformation over the past fifteen years, and along with it, so have many once-broken urban neighborhoods and the marginalized families living in them. Changes of such significance were possible only through a radical...

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10. HOPE VI, Neighborhood Recovery, and the Health of Cities

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pp. 169-189

In Atlanta, Louisville, Seattle, and other cities across the country, thriving neighborhoods are now emerging, replacing the pervasive blight that surrounded public housing projects little more than a decade ago. In these cities, the contribution of HOPE VI to the revitalization of long-distressed neighborhoods...

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11. Has HOPE VI Transformed Residents’ Lives?

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pp. 191-203

When Chicago's Ida B. Wells Homes became a HOPE VI site, it was like a war zone, plagued by sporadic episodes of gang violence, random shootings, and overwhelming drug trafficking. Adding to the pervasive disorder were the many vacant units and the hundreds of squatters who slept in the stairwells. The public housing development, which was...

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12. How HOPE VI Has Helped Reshape Public Housing

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pp. 205-226

The world of public housing is currently undergoing a great deal of change. Much of the shift is due to draconian reductions in federal funding that have created great challenges for the more than 3,100 local housing authorities that administer the traditional public housing program and its nearly 1.2 million housing...

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13. HOPE VI: What Went Wrong

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pp. 229-247

HOPE VI was initiated with the best of intentions, but it is a case study in how badly a government program can run amok. While HOPE VI has resulted in the removal of blighted buildings and the development of some lovely new homes, it also has resulted in the involuntary displacement of tens of...

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24. The Conservative Critique of HOPE VI

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pp. 249-261

By reviving the project-based assistance that many believed had ended in 1974, HOPE VI offered a comparatively expensive form of housing assistance for the needy and an incomplete solution to the ills that plague the inner-city poor...

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15. Taking Advantage of What We Have Learned

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pp. 263-297

The HOPE VI story is a striking one. A program conceived as a means of dealing with the devastating conditions in the worst public housing projects grew into what many see as HUD’s most impressive neighborhood redevelopment initiative, pumping nearly $6 billion in HOPE VI grants and a total of $8.5 billion...

Appendix A

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pp. 299-306

Appendix B

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pp. 307-315

Contributors

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pp. 317-320

Index

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pp. 321-330