Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

I HAVE LIVED WITH THIS PROJECT FOR ALONG TIME; now that it nears completion, I am happy to acknowledge some of the debts, both personal and professional, that I have accrued along the way. Susan Greenfield has read much of the manuscript, offering insight and encouragement in equal measure; others, including Michael McVaugh, Elizabeth Harvey, Stuart Sherman, Jeffrey Masten, Catherine Weiss, and the two anonymous ...

List of Abbreviations

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p. xi

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Introduction

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pp. 3-18

IN THE LATE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY, THE JOURNAL Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society reported on the latest work of a researcher in fetal osteology: having removed from a dead woman’s uterus a blood clot the size of a cherry, the gentleman was startled to discover within the clot what he called the “first lineaments of a child.” What assumptions about ...

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1 / On Either Side of the Early Modern: Posthuman and Premodern Bodies and Selves

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pp. 19-44

I INTEND TO DISCUSS A WIDE RANGE OF ENGLISH-language medical texts written between the mid-sixteenth and the early eighteenth centuries. By offering close readings of their rhetorical practices, I hope to elucidate some of the ways in which emerging understandings of gender-defined subjectivity are implicated in and enable discursive formulations of the body. But I want to begin by looking away from my subject in two, opposite ...

Ancient Revisions

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2 / Subjectified Parts and Supervenient Selves: Rewriting Galenism in Crooke's 'Microcosmographia'

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pp. 47-70

... Because, like so much of Greek learning, only a few of Galen’s works had been translated into Latin before the fall of the Roman Empire, Galenism flourished in the Arabic East much more than in the Latin West, and it was only after the editions, compilations, and commentaries of the great medieval Jewish and Muslim scholars of philosophy and medicine became available in Latin in the twelfth century that Galen reemerged ...

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3 / Fixing the Female: Books of Practical Physics for Women

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pp. 71-97

IN 1636, THE PHYSICIAN JOHN SADLER PUBLISHED The Sicke Womans Private Looking-Glasse, wherein methodically are handled all uterine affects, or diseases arising from the wombe, enabling Women to informe the Physitian about the cause of their griefe.1 A primer on the diagnosis and treatment of women’s diseases, Sadler’s text indicates by its title the essence of its intent: carrying on the familiar trope of knowing the body to know the self, Sadler invites the sick woman to look into his medical tract as into a mirror to see herself. ...

Modern Modulations

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4 / Making Up for Losses: The Workings of Gender in Harvey's 'De generatione animalium'

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pp. 101-124

BY REPEATED DISSECTION OF HEN AND DEER IN the 1630s and 1640s, William Harvey determined, erroneously, as it turns out, that there is no mass, either of mixed semina or of male semen and female menstrual blood, to be found in the uterus after intercourse. Although De generatione animalium is famous for much else, it seems fairly clear that Harvey considered this experimental discovery momentous because it ...

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5 / Embryonic Individuals: Mechanism, Embryology, and Modern Man

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pp. 125-155

SOMETIME IN 1672, THEODORE KERCKRING, A Dutch physician and microscopist, autopsied the body of a woman who had died three or four days after her period. On opening her uterus, Kerckring found “a little round mass the bigness of a black cherry.”1 Having determined from the widower that he had had relations with his wife within a few days of her death, Kerckring asked permission to “take the cherry home” so ...

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6 / The Masculine Subject of Touch: Case Histories from the Birthing Room

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pp. 156-185

IN HIS 1733 ESSAY ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF MID-wifery, the London surgeon Edmund Chapman tells the story of a “poor unhappy woman” who had been plagued by violent, periodic pains in her belly and back for seven days. She was attended by “several persons of an inferior Class in the Practice of Physick” as well as by a number of midwives, but everyone, including the woman ...

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Epilogue

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pp. 187-190

IN LATE JANUARY, 2005, SENATOR SAM BROWNBACK (R-Kansas), along with over thirty cosponsors, introduced into the United States Senate a bill called the “Unborn Child Pain Awareness Act of 2005” (S.51).1 Based on “findings” that “unborn children” of twenty-weeks gestation or more are “pain-capable,” the bill, if passed, will require abortion providers to ensure that pregnant women whose fetuses are past twenty weeks gestation ...

Notes

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pp. 191-224

Bibliography

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pp. 225-238

Index

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pp. 239-248