Florence Nightingale on Health in India
Collected Works of Florence Nightingale, Volume 9
Publication Year: 2006
Volume 9: Florence Nightingale on Health in India is the first of two volumes reporting Nightingale’s forty years of work to improve public health in India. It begins with her work to establish the Royal Commission on the Sanitary State of the Army in India, for which she drafted questionnaires, analyzed returns, and did much of the final writing, going on to promote the implementation of its recommendations. In this volume a gradual shift of attention can be seen from the health of the army to that of the civilian population. Famine and epidemics were frequent and closely interrelated occurrences. To combat them, Nightingale recommended a comprehensive set of sanitary measures, and educational and legal reforms, to be overseen by a public health agency. Skilful in implementing the expertise, influence, and power of others, she worked with her impressive network of well-placed collaborators, having them send her information and meet with her back in London. The volume includes Nightingale’s work on the royal commission itself, related correspondence, numerous published pamphlets, articles and letters to the editor, and correspondence with her growing network of viceroys, governors of presidencies, and public health experts. Working with British collaborators, she began this work; over time Nightingale increased her contact with Indian nationals and promoted their work and associations.
Currently, Volumes 1 to 11 are available in e-book version by subscription or from university and college libraries through the following vendors: Canadian Electronic Library, Ebrary, MyiLibrary, and Netlibrary.
Published by: Wilfrid Laurier University Press
Title Page, Copyright
Acknowledgments are due to a large number of individuals and organizations for assistance on this volume, and even more for assistance at earlier stages in the Collected Works project. First of all acknowledgments are due to the Henry Bonham Carter Will Trust for permission to publish Nightingale original manuscripts, ...
List of Illustrations
Florence Nightingale: A Précis of Her Life
Florence Nightingale was born in Florence, Italy, 1820, the second daughter of wealthy English parents taking an extended European wedding trip. She was raised in England at country homes, Lea Hurst, in Derbyshire, and Embley, in Hampshire. She was educated largely by her father, who had studied classics ...
Nightingale’s Work on India
Florence Nightingale devoted some forty years of her life to bringing about a number of reforms to improve public health and the condition of life of the people of India. Initially her focus was on British soldiers serving there, but increasingly she worked at promoting the health and well-being of Indian nationals. ...
Key to Editing
All the manuscript material in the Collected Works has been carefully transcribed and verified (for a description of the process of obtaining and processing this information see "Research Methods and Sources," Appendix E in Life and Family. Illegible words and passages are so indicated, ...
Introduction to Volume 9
The material of the present volume documents Nightingale’s efforts to improve the sanitary conditions of soldiers and civilians in India, and identifies the issues she was confronted with in her work. It is presented thematically. It begins with the planning for and the formation of the Royal Commission ...
The Royal Commission on India
Nightingale’s "India work" properly began at the time of the Royal Commission on the Sanitary State of the Army in India (1859-63), but already in 1857 she was hoping to extend the inquiry into the conditions of the Home Army to the army’s situation in India. As soon as the work of the first royal commission ...
Implementation of the Royal Commission’s Recommendations
The Indian royal commission’s report, signed by the commission’s members 19 May 1863 and by Lord Stanley, Lord de Grey and Sir Charles Wood in June, was issued 8 July. The first task toward its implementation was to set in motion the War Of fice and the India Office work in London while securing the cooperation ...
Famine Prevention and Irrigation
The implementation of the recommendations of the royal commission on India, especially through the newly created sanitary commissions, did result in improved health and reduced mortality for the British Army in India. As we have seen, Nightingale next took on the health of civilians, and considerable ...
Sanitation and the Prevention of Epidemics
Epidemics and infectious diseases, in addition to being recur rent phenomena in India, were, to the eyes of outsiders, endured by the local population with resignation and often with a sense of fatalism. Much work was required of the ‘‘sanitarians’’ to lift the veil of fatalism from over such calamities as cholera, ...
Nursing in India
By 1864 Nightingale had become a recognized authority in matters of nursing and in the training of nurses. She had acquired much experience in the Crimean War (1854-56), written on nursing in military hospitals, written on hospitals (military and civil), opened a nurses’ training school at St Thomas’ Hospital, ...
Appendix A: Biographical Sketches
Edward Henry Stanley1 received his degree from Cambridge University and travelled in 1848 to the West Indies, Canada and the United States. During his absence he was elected (Conser vative) member of Parliament for King’s Lynn, which he represented until 1869. This was the beginning of a long career ...
Appendix B: The War and India Offices
The War Office was established in 1661 to impose civilian control over military affairs. Until 1855 it was run by a "secretary at war," a junior minister, under a "secretary for war," the senior minister. Duties were variously distributed between the army and civilians. The commander-in- chief and his staff ...