We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE

Islamist Opposition in Authoritarian Regimes

The Party of Justice and Development in Morocco

Eva Wegner

Publication Year: 2011

Wegner traces the party’s choices through an analysis of organizational, ideological, and institutional constraints. Adopting a simple but novel perspective, Wegner distinguishes Islamist parties from other opposition parties because of their connection to a powerful social movement. The author shows how the PJD initially made major progress in electoral politics by building up a strong party organization, sustaining full support of the Islamist movement, and positioning itself as the only credible opposition party. Ultimately, the failure of the PJD to win elections was due to political concessions it made to secure its legality combined with a distancing from the Islamist movement. Based on extensive field research in Morocco in 2003 and 2007 and drawing upon personal interviews with members, candidates, and leaders of the PJD, Islamist Opposition in Authoritarian Regimes presents a meticulous and enlightening case study. Wegner enriches our understanding of electoral authoritarianism in Morocco and throughout the Arab- Islamic world.

Published by: Syracuse University Press


pdf iconDownload PDF

Title Page, Copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF


pdf iconDownload PDF
p. vii


pdf iconDownload PDF
p. ix


pdf iconDownload PDF
p. xi


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. xii-xiii

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. xv-xvii

This study began as a comparative project about the institutional integration of two social movements, the Islamist one in Morocco and the environmentalist one in Germany. In the back of my mind, I had the idea that ideology—religious or environmentalist—ultimately should not matter that much when a social movement organization enters into formal politic...

read more

Introduction: The Framework of the Study

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. xix-xlv

The Islamist Party of Justice and Development (PJD, Parti de la justice et du développement) was the projected winner of the Moroccan parliamentary elections in 2007. In the months before the elections, the Islamists were highly scrutinized. Whereas some feared the policies of an Islamist government...

read more

Political Institutions, Political Parties, and the Islamist Movement in Morocco

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 1-31

The rule of the Moroccan Alaoui dynasty survived colonialism (French protectorate from 1912 to 1956) and subsequent independence. Its legitimacy is based on traditional, religious, and modern sources. The dynasty came to power in the seventeenth century, and it claims traditional religious legitimization with the...

read more

Party Institutionalization and Emancipation from the Islamist Movement

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 32-71

Two interrelated influences aff ecting Islamist party choices are the party’s own organization and its relationship with the ISMO that brought it into being. At the beginning of a party’s life, leadership choices are unconstrained. How much this changes depends on the shape and value of the organization’s...

read more

The Regime Game

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 72-94

Opposition parties in electoral authoritarian regimes need to change the rules and practices to gain political power through elections. These parties may at least want to criticize these rules and practices so as to remain credible. An opposition party that takes these regime limitations seriously and focuses on changing...

read more

Elections and Parliament

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 95-122

The PJD did not make inroads in the regime game. An alternative approach for parties failing in the direct regime game is to focus more on popular support and wait for better conditions in the future, such as an increase in their popular support to an extent that they win even flawed elections or a weakening of the...

read more

Comparing Islamist Strategies in Jordan and Morocco

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 123-143

How can the opposition make progress in the contest with a hegemonic authoritarian regime? As argued throughout this study, an opposition party has to choose its mobilization intensity and will aim to optimize its strategies on two levels: the regime level, where it has to choose how much to challenge the regime...

Appendix A. PJD 2004 National Congress Data

pdf iconDownload PDF
p. 147

Appendix B. Profi le of PJD Electoral Candidates, 2002

pdf iconDownload PDF
p. 149

Appendix C. List of Interviews with PJD Members: 2003, 2004, 2007

pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 151-152


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 153-164


pdf iconDownload PDF
pp. 165-180

E-ISBN-13: 9780815651123
E-ISBN-10: 0815651120
Print-ISBN-13: 9780815632825
Print-ISBN-10: 0815632827

Page Count: 208
Publication Year: 2011

OCLC Number: 785782966
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Islamist Opposition in Authoritarian Regimes

Research Areas


UPCC logo

Subject Headings

  • Islam and politics -- Morocco.
  • Morocco -- Politics and government -- 1999-.
  • Ḥizb al-ʻAdālah wa-al-Tanmiyah (Morocco).
  • Political parties -- Morocco.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access