Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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pp. vii-vii

List of Illustrations

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pp. viii-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

This work represents more than a decade of archaeological field research, laboratory analysis, and writing. During this time I have been the beneficiary of innumerable acts of personal kindness and professional courtesy. I wish to acknowledge the particular contributions of Craig Sheldon, R. Barry Lewis, David Grove, Helaine Silverman, F. K. Lehman, Susan Gillespie...

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Introduction

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pp. xiii-xxviii

The arrival of Europeans in southeastern North America in the sixteenth century heralded profound cultural transformations for the indigenous peoples of the region. Prior to European contacts the Southeast was home to a number of geographically expansive and sociopolitically complex Native American societies (Brose 2001). These societies were governed by hereditary chiefly...

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1. Social Agents, Hegemony, and Households

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pp. 1-21

In the previous two decades there was a marked increase in archaeological studies explicitly concerned with social life in past societies (commonly referred to as social archaeology). Although they derive from a variety of distinct intellectual traditions, most of these inquiries share an interest in examining the myriad relationships involving individuals and the social, political, economic...

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2. The Creek Social Universe

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pp. 22-57

Prior to embarking upon a discussion of specific archaeologically revealed aspects of sociocultural change among the Creeks during the postcontact period, it is first necessary to present an understanding of the Creeks from ethnohistoric descriptions. Although the limitations of cultural descriptions based in an atemporal ethnographic present have been pointed out previously...

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3. Creek-European Interactions

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pp. 58-88

The forces that brought Native Americans and Europeans into contact varied greatly throughout the postcontact period, ranging from treasure hunting expeditions and military incursions to trading parties and missionary proselytizing. Beginning with the exploration of the Southeast in the sixteenth century the colonial powers of Europe---and later a fledgling United States---vied for control...

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4. Changing Creek Households

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pp. 89-124

Given the considerable variation in the relationships between Native Americans and Europeans previously examined, each interaction provides a unique opportunity for archaeological research (Cotterill 1954; Crane 1928; Knight 1985, 1994a, 1994b; Mason 1963b; Smith 1987, 1994; Swanton 1928a, 1928c, 1985; Waselkov 1993; Waselkov and Cottier 1985; Waselkov et al. 1982; Wesson and Rees, eds. 2002). Most archaeological attempts...

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Conclusions

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pp. 125-162

The more than three centuries of interaction between the Native American peoples of the Southeast and Europeans during the time from their first contacts to the ultimate removal of the majority of indigenous peoples from the region resulted in many changes in southeastern cultures. Although these changes have been addressed in much previous research, far too little work has...

Appendix of Tables

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pp. 163-170

Bibliography

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pp. 171-222

Index

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pp. 223-228