Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Frontmatter

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. vii

read more

Series Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-x

Bad Fruits of the Civilized Tree: Alcohol and the Sovereignty of the Cherokee Nation is a sophisticated study of political sovereignty and culture change. In this work Izumi Ishii historicizes alcohol. She examines the ways in which the Cherokees incorporated drinking into their culture in the eighteenth ...

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xiv

I first encountered Cherokee history in my sophomore year at Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan. Since then, a number of professors, colleagues, and friends have both intellectually and personally assisted me in my efforts to contribute to our understanding of that history. Without their immeasurable ...

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-12

Before European contact, Native people of North America, with a few exceptions, had virtually no knowledge of alcohol. 1 Early European accounts of Indian drinking, however, suggest that once Indians acquired a taste for liquor, it functioned as an agent of European conquest. Through the gift ...

read more

1. Alcohol Arrives

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 13-38

The Cherokees had no tradition of alcohol consumption, so the history of alcohol among the Cherokees begins with its introduction by Europeans. To the purveyors of spirits, the Indians' consumption of alcohol appeared to support the Europeans' view of Native Americans as profligate and ...

read more

2. A Struggle for Sovereignty

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 39-58

At the turn of the nineteenth century, Cherokee society began to experience profound changes. A more sophisticated commercial economy emerged, and tribal government began to centralize and assert its sovereignty. Missionaries and U.S. agents attempted to instill a new value system of ...

read more

3. The Moral High Ground

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 59-82

When tribal alcohol regulations challenged the U.S. government and generated interference in Cherokee internal affairs, the Cherokees strengthened their legal claims by asserting moral authority over drinking through their temperance activities. Evangelical missionaries, particularly those of the ...

read more

4. Alcohol and Dislocation

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 83-110

Alcohol took a serious toll on the Cherokees in the years surrounding removal. Unregulated and widely available, liquor offered comfort to disillusioned Cherokees, particularly men. The justice of their cause and the moral fiber of their people seemed to carry little sway in the United States. The Nation ...

read more

5. A Nation under Siege

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 111-132

The American Civil War rekindled old animosities. Chief John Ross's strong plea for neutrality could not offset bitter internal factionalism that ultimately forced him to ally with the Confederate States in the treaty of October 7, 1861. Barely a year had passed when Ross, following a majority of ...

read more

6. Cherokee Temperance, American Reform, and Oklahoma Statehood

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 133-164

Until the 1880s, the consumption and regulation of alcohol had been potent political issues in the Cherokee Nation in large part because they involved the broader question of sovereignty. As Cherokee women, who could not vote or hold public office, became more visible in the temperance ...

read more

Conclusion

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 165-168

As the Cherokee experience demonstrates, the story of Native Americans and their relationship with alcohol is a complicated one. Taking the long view—across two centuries—suggests that a single analytical model or a deeply held moral conviction cannot adequately explain the role of ...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 169-218

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 219-244

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 245-260