Native Peoples and the Struggle for History in New England
Publication Year: 2005
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
Series: Fourth World Rising
Title Page, Copyright
Series Editors’ Introduction
Beyond Conquest is the fifth volume in Fourth World Rising, a series of contemporary ethnographies from the University of Nebraska Press. The series focuses on contemporary issues, including class, gender, religion, and politics: in sum, it addresses social and cultural differentiation among and between Native peoples ...
For their patience, generosity, and wisdom, I would like to thank the elders who have been important mentors and most gracious friends to me since this project began, especially Alton Smith Sr., Chief Hockeo, Trudie Lamb Richmond, Mary Sebastian, Betty Jackson Fletcher, and Chief Big Eagle. ...
1. Dilemmas of Conquest
In September of 1736 Mohegans held a ceremony on their reserved land to name a new leader. This land, where perhaps three hundred or more Mohegans were known to “dwell and plant” (Connecticut Archives, “Indians” [hereafter IND], 1st ser., vol. 1:122), was engulfed by the town of New London and was the remaining ...
2. Manufacturing Colonial Legitimacy
English claims to Native lands entailed the production of a discourse of conquest that conjoined ideas about colonial cultural legitimacy, property rights, and “Indian savagery.”1 It is by now a truism to say that colonial discourse – and particularly the ideas about “others” that it has conveyed – is itself a crucial mechanism ...
3. Colonial Law and Native Lives
Colonial law cannot be understood as a consistent protector of reservation lands or of the indigenous communities that labored to make a life upon them in eighteenth-century Connecticut. Native women and men could petition the General Assembly to protest encroachment and argue for their rights to land ...
4. “Only an Indian’s Story”
Although the legal proceedings of Mohegan Indians v. Connecticut have received some attention by scholars (e.g., Beardsley 1882; Conroy 1994; F. Morgan 1904:275–89; Smith 1950:422–42; Walters 1995; DeForest 1852:303–46), the historical significance of Mohegans’ resistance to dispossession in the eighteenth century ...
5. “Now They Make Us as Goats”
In the context of the Mohegan land dispute, the identity of Mohegans who dared defy colonial rule was to become the subject of governmental scrutiny and manipulation. Mahomet II was depicted not simply as an illegitimate leader, but as an illegitimate Mohegan: an “impostor” in the fullest sense, whose genealogy ...
6. “Race”and the Denial of Local Histories
In the diary of Joshua Hempstead, an elderly, well-to-do Anglo-American farmer and man of considerable political influence in the town of New London, an entry for Monday, July 13, 1752, opens as do most of the others – with a weather report. After a few words about his work that day Hempstead added: ...
Series Editors’ Afterword
Amy Den Ouden’s Beyond Conquest moves in two directions simultaneously, both of which are indicated in the title. The book, to begin, presents what happened to Native people in Connecticut beyond (i.e., after) conquest – continuing conquest, for it was not, and is not yet, a oncefor- all-time event. ...