Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Avant Propos

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p. vii

At the dawn of the twenty-first century, the issue of human rights grows in importance and complexity. The rhetoric and sometimes the reality of protecting human rights have become increasingly important in the world. The protection of human rights has a more important role in...

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Preface

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pp. ix-x

In the late 1990s the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln decided it would make sense to pool faculty resources across departmental boundaries so as to create interdepartmental programs of some significance. Rather than operate according to...

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Introduction: "Area Expressions" and the Universality of Human Rights: Mediating a Contingent Relationship

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pp. 1-21

In this chapter I am concerned with mediating the clear tension between the reality of rigorous and permanent global cultural and contextual diversity on the one hand and the possibility of articulation and implementation of universal human rights standards on the other. ...

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1. The Civilizational Geography of Government Respect for Human Rights, 1981-99

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pp. 25-58

Using a unique and original database of information about government respect for human rights, this chapter presents the results of a cross-regional overview and analysis of government respect for a wide variety of human rights (three rights categories, thirteen particular rights) over...

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2. Does Region Matter in Provision of the Human Right to Physical Inegrity? An Empirical Examination

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pp. 59-78

In recent years we have witnessed a substantial growth in the body of scholarly work on human rights issues. Since the late seventies and early eighties political scientists have applied quantitative methods to answer empirical questions relating to human rights, and their studies...

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3. The Margin of Appreciation Doctrine of the European Court of Human Rights: Accommodating Diversity within Europe

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pp. 81-110

With regard to human rights protection, the European Union and the European Court of Justice in Luxemburg play only a marginal role. The regional human rights protection system in Europe is based on another organization: the Council of Europe. Membership in the Council of Europe...

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4. Between Delight and Despair: The Effects of Transnational Women's Networks in the Blkans

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pp. 111-136

The recent wars in the Balkans have, not surprisingly, made human rights a central concern for international actors involved in this region.1 Given that the conflicts specifically targeted civilians and included mass rapes, Western governments, international organizations, and international...

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5. The Role of Democracy in the Protection of Human Rights: Lessons from the European and Inter-American Human Rights Systems

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pp. 137-156

Democracy and human rights are closely related concepts. Democracy implies the existence of processes of inclusion, participation, openness, and accountability that is beneficial to all individuals and society. Human rights have the same purpose of acting as a tool of protection and empowerment...

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6. African Women, Traditions, and Human Rights: A Critical Analysis of Contemporary "Universal"

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pp. 159-181

Harmful traditional practices performed on or expected of African women have received global attention because of highly publicized attempts by health and women’s rights activists within and outside Africa to challenge these practices. The subject has since made it to the dining tables...

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7. Human Rights and Child Labor in South Asia

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pp. 182-204

Child labor is one of the most troublesome problems facing South Asia (Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka), where it is widespread and where some of the most flagrant abuses occur. In recent years there has been tremendous growth in child servitude in the region’s export-oriented industries.11...

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8. Human Rights and Indigenous Peoples in Africa and Asia

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pp. 205-228

Over the past three decades there has been a dramatic upsurge in international, regional, and local efforts to promote human rights for the cultures of the world that define themselves as indigenous peoples.1 Variously called aboriginals, native peoples, tribal peoples, Fourth World...

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9. Promoting Women's Rights against Patriarchal Cultural Claims: The Women's Convention and Reservations by Muslim States

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pp. 231-251

The United Nations and the International Bill of Rights created an international human rights regime that has been simultaneously undermined and embraced as the ultimate hope of humankind—albeit by different groups. The success of the regime in promoting and protecting...

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10. The Status of Human Rights in the Middle East: Prospects and Challenges

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pp. 252-275

The last two decades of the twentieth century witnessed a profusion of articles and books dealing with the status of human rights. The growing attention to human rights is part of larger changes in international relations. These changes include the end of the cold war, the collapse...

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11. Ethnic Constitutional Orders and Human Rights: Historical and Comparative Analysis

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pp. 279-296

This study is dedicated to the examination of the relationships between two powerful forces in the modern era. The first force is that of nationalism and ethnicity: the commitment of a group of people to what they perceive as their collective national, communal, or ethnic interest within the boundaries of a given polity. ...

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Conclusion: Rights, Practices and "Area Studies"

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pp. 297-316

This project reflects two principal concerns: with internationally recognized human rights, presumably globally valid; and with whether one can group states in certain ways to increase our knowledge about the protection or violation of those rights. As such, it reflects precisely the...

Contributors

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pp. 317-319

Index [Includes list of other works in series]

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pp. 321-330