The Problem of Justice
Tradition and Law in the Coast Salish World
Publication Year: 2001
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
Series: Fourth World Rising
List of Illustrations
Series Editors' Introduction
The Problem of Justice is the second volume in Fourth World Rising, a new series of contemporary ethnographies from the University of Nebraska Press. The series focuses on contemporary issues, including class, gender, religion, and politics: in sum, it addresses social and cultural differentiation among and between native peoples as they confront ...
Many people, members of American Indian communities and Canadian First Nations as well as academics and lay people, have provided their help, support, and ideas for this book. My sincere thanks go to all of these people, in particular those elders and community culture experts who shared their knowledge. I wish to give special thanks to several ...
The coastal and riverine areas of Puget Sound in Washington State, southern Vancouver Island in British Columbia, and the adjacent Fraser River valley are spectacularly beautiful and abundant in resources. Snowcapped mountains, including the majestic 14,400-foot-high Mt. Rainier, tower over river valleys that are home to deer, elk, bear, and many other ...
Canadian policy regarding the implementation of indigenous justice in British Columbia is framed by the absence of treaties that might provide direction concerning leadership, governance, and law (with the exception of fourteen mid-nineteenth-century agreements with small bands on Vancouver Island that have been interpreted to have the force ...
In the early 2000s it is difficult to adequately characterize the practices of aboriginal justice as they existed early on in the era following intrusion by Euro-American outsiders. Indeed, attempting to do so replicates the difficulties encountered within the three programs whose efforts I describe here. Efforts to reconstruct mid-nineteenth-century justice ...
3. Upper Skagit Justice
In this chapter I consider in detail how justice practices changed in a single community, Upper Skagit, over a century and a half. During the period from the middle of the nineteenth century to the start of the twenty-first, Upper Skagit people lost control of much of their territory and the regulation of community life. Community members developed ...
4. The Stó:lō Nation
... have had less control over the institutions of justice and, as of yet, have not reestablished criminal and civil jurisdiction over members. For these reasons, their responses to intrusions of the mainstream society have not been the same. They do, however, face the same core question: namely, how to order relations between the constituent groups within their own society while managing relations ...
5. An Intertribal Justice Discussion
The differences in experiences of the Coast Salish nations on opposite sides of the international border are sufficiently great that there are sizeable gaps in knowledge and differences in viewpoint. This is true even though there is commonality in traditional culture, intermarriage, and persistent patterns of mutual participation in ceremonial life. I have ...
6. The South Island Justice Project
In the 1980s and 1990s, a third group of Coast Salish communities engaged in an attempt at diversionary justice. Under the authority of the mainstream judicial system, a limited number of criminal cases were diverted to a local indigenous system of justice. The now-defunct South Island Justice Project (SIJP) differed from those at Upper Skagit and at ...
This tour of aboriginal justice in Coast Salish communities of Washington State and British Columbia is constructed around the idea that colonial processes have transformed and distorted the politics of indigenous communities, including the ways in which community members understand their own prior practices of justice. Rather than providing ...
Series Editors' Afterword
Few people working in native communities in North America at virtually any time in the last two decades, on reservations and beyond, have been able to avoid lengthy discussions of native justice systems. Where broad community mobilization and confrontation captured the headlines in the Red Power era of the 1960s and 1970s, indigenous ...