Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xiv

"It is impossible to thank adequately the many people who made it possible to write this book. I have benefited enormously from the generosity, support, insight, and kindness of many wonderful people along the way, and my feelings of gratitude and appreciation run deep."

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-18

"In the spring of 1995, when I began conducting anthropological field research among members of my own tribal nation, the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, I was struck by the extent to which formal membership (or citizenship) in our tribe had become a measure of Choctaw..."

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2. The Journey Has Been Long and Hard: Chocktaw Culture, Society, and History through 1970

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pp. 19-60

"The Choctaws and Chickasaws, say Choctaw leaders and storytellers, come from a land far to the west of the homeland in which we lived when Europeans first encountered our two tribes. At that time, it is said, the..."

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3. "Because We Were Proud to Be Chocktaw" Political Mobilization and the Reconstitution of the Tribe

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pp. 61-110

"In 1969, I got a knock on the door,' said seventy-five-year-old Choctaw Charles Brown about the beginning of the Choctaw youth movement that helped effect the repeal of the 1959 Choctaw termination legislation. Brown, a Choctaw full-blood, had been the youth movement's most..."

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4. "Tomorrow Is the Day YOU Are Chief" Leaders, Citizens, and Political Groups in the 1995 Election

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pp. 111-156

"Tomorrow is the day you are chief!' roared Hollis Roberts to a crowd of about four hundred on the eve of the 1995 Choctaw tribal election. 'You call the shots! Do you want your friends and neighbors lifted up? Or, do you want to slip back and go by the wayside? . . . Do you want to continue..."

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5. "The First of Many Good Things to Come from the Tribe" Identity, Race, and Economic Development in Kalichito Town

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pp. 157-206

"Much fanfare accompanied the completion in the mid-1990s of a tribal travel plaza in the three-hundred-member community of Kalichito in the south-central part of the Choctaw Nation. The day of the Kalichito project's 'Grand Opening,' dozens of residents of the town-mostly Choctaws- huddled together in clumps in the wide black parking lot of the new..."

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6. "We Don't Believe That Claim Is Valid" Chocktaw Sovereignty Assertions and the Water-Rights Conflict of 2001

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pp. 207-250

"At a regular session of the Choctaw Nation Tribal Council in the summer of 1992, tribal councilman Charley Jones reported on his recent trip to France. Representing the Choctaw Nation, Mr. Jones said that he was one of seven 'ambassadors' from 'various Indian nations' with whom..."

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7. Conclusion

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pp. 251-262

"This book has explored one of the most important and inspiring eras in the history of the Choctaw Nation, the era of tribal nation building that began in the late twentieth century. I have addressed questions about how, specifically, this era was forged, how it unfolded, and the ways by which..."

Notes

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pp. 263-278

Works Cited

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pp. 279-294

Index

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pp. 295-303