American Indian Efforts to Restore the Bison
Publication Year: 2007
Published by: University of Nebraska Press
Title Page, Copyright
Numerous individuals contributed to the completion of this work, and all warrant gratitude to varying degrees. First and foremost, I would like to thank the many Native people who assisted me in telling the remarkable story of bison restoration. Most notably, Jim Garrett, who embodies the focus of this study in Native American bison landscape stewardship, provided keen...
Over the past century and a quarter, a phenomenal story of cultural perseverance has unraveled in Indian Country, as Native Americans have sought to preserve the bison as an extension of preserving themselves and their culture.1 Many variables, including questions over the very survival of some tribes, were formed in Native America as a result of the dislocation of the...
1. A Relationship from Time Immemorial [Includes Image Plates]
Bison and Native Americans—in the historical context the two entities seem inseparable. Yet they also merge in contemporary analysis. Native Americans maintain a continuous relationship with the “buffalo nation” that extends back to time immemorial.1 These indigenous people inculcate the historic...
2. Saving the Buffalo Nation [Includes Image Plates]
Despite the tragedy defining the end of the buffalo days, some remarkable and uplifting developments were taking place simultaneous to it. During the decade and a half from 1875 to 1890 the wild bison population teetered on the brink of extinction, particularly south of the parklands and boreal forest of present northern Alberta and the Northwest Territories. In...
3. Indians and Buffalo, 1890–1990s [Includes Image Plates]
In 1997, as he watched several bison leave a corral and emerge onto the prairie, much to the delight of several Native American onlookers including students from a local school, Lakota environmental scholar Jim Garrett commented: “The resurgence of the buffalo. That’s happening. But it’s happening a hundred years later.”1 His observation hearkened back to...
4. The Intertribal Bison Cooperative [Includes Image Plates]
A pan-Indian buffalo restoration movement became a reality in the winter of 1991 when representatives of more than a dozen tribes from across the western United States gathered in South Dakota to create an umbrella organization aimed at bringing back the buffalo nation. The Intertribal Bison Cooperative, more often referred to as the itbc, formally came into...
5. The Yellowstone Crisis [Includes Image Plates]
Despite a century of steadily increasing bison population since the Yellowstone buffalo population’s nadir in 1902, the winter crisis of 1997 marked both the worst slaughter of “free-roaming” bison in the twentieth century and the worst slaughter of Yellowstone bison since the park’s establishment...
6. A Comparative Perspective on Canada’s Native Restoration of the Bison [Includes Image Plates]
A comparison between the bison restoration effort of Canada and that of the United States yields similarities as well as differences. On the surface, the overall plight and salvation of the bison appears the same. The European hegemony extended over the indigenous countryside, resulting in a...
7. Conclusion [Includes Image Plates]
Perhaps the most striking example of the indigenous effort to restore the bison landscape comes from the range of the northern bison. When the various layers of government and local constituents join with Native people as advocates for the buffalo nation, then free-ranging wild bison can exist....
8. Cheyenne River Lakota: Photo Essay
Appendix. ITBC Bison Program Survey Results
List of References
Page Count: 439
Illustrations: Illus., maps
Publication Year: 2007
OCLC Number: 122880532
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Buffalo Nation