Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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pp. -

List of Illustrations

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pp. ix-

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi- xiii

In writing John Burroughs and the Place of Nature, I have experienced as much community as solitude. Even when I was sitting at my study desk in Still House Hollow, delving into ideas and finding words to put on paper, I was never really alone. Scholarship is always collaborative, and that remains...

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Introduction: The Power of Place

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pp. 1- 13

For the fifty years from 1870 through 1920, John Burroughs was the most famous and widely published nature writer in America. Today, less than a century after his death, he is largely unread, even by teachers of environmental writing. He shares his fate, of course, with scores of writers...

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One: Great Neighbors: Emerson, Thoreau, and the Writer’s Place

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pp. 14- 41

Nearing the end of his long life and lengthy career, John Burroughs made plans for publishing three volumes of essays over a three-year period, in return for which the publisher Houghton Mifflin guaranteed him an annuity of two thousand dollars. Burroughs regarded the amount...

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Two: Whitman Land: John Burroughs’s Pastoral Criticism

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pp. 42- 72

As important as Emerson and Thoreau were to John Burroughs as a literary naturalist and critic, Walt Whitman exercised the longest lasting and most profound influence on his career as a writer. The two first met in Washington, D.C., in 1863, and they were close friends to...

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Three: Pastoral Illustration: Burroughs, Muir, and the Century Magazine

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pp. 73-

John Burroughs never spared his friends. Writing on February 1, 1891, to Richard Watson Gilder, editor of the Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine, Burroughs criticized the magazine, especially the latest issue, which featured illustrations of poor white southerners, for printing “ugly...

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Four: Landscapes Beginning to Be Born: Alaska and the Pictorial Imagination

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pp. 113- 149

In an apparent aside in the late essay “Emerson and His Journals,” Burroughs combines three of his most important influences: “A remark of Emerson’s upon Thoreau calls up the image of John Muir to me” (Writings 23:23). Burroughs quotes Emerson’s journal entry, a perception...

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Five: The “Best of Places”: Roosevelt as Literary Naturalist

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pp. 150- 193

In a dedicatory letter to John Burroughs, penned at the White House on October 2, 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt opened his fourth book on American hunting, Outdoor Pastimes of an American Hunter, by addressing his friend as “Oom John”—Dutch for “Uncle John”...

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Six: The Divine Abyss: Burroughs and Muir in the New Century

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pp. 194- 226

In an editorial titled “The President’s Trip and the Forests,” Robert Underwood Johnson reflected on President Roosevelt’s famous tour of the western wonders in the spring of 1903: “The President’s trip is also likely to induce more of his countrymen to see the magnificent scenery...

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Conclusion: The Place of Elegy

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pp. 227- 234

John Burroughs outlived nearly all his friends, and his direct reflections on those who died are often curiously brief, bordering on the perfunctory. On Christmas Day 1914, upon learning of John Muir’s death, Burroughs writes telegraphically in his journal that it was “an event I have...

Notes

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pp. 235- 250

Bibliography

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pp. 251- 258

Index

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pp. 259- 266