COVER

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CONTENTS

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p. vii

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FOREWORD

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pp. xi-xxviii

I was first introduced to American Plants for American Gardens in 1963, while working as a fledgling landscape architect in the Washington, D.C., area. At that time, the book had been published more than three decades earlier, in 1929, and was authored by two faculty members at Vassar College: Dr. Edith Roberts, ...

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I. INTRODUCTION

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pp. 1-8

THE beauty and variety of plants native to America have ever been recognized and have made a deep impression upon the plant lover. Plant ecology, a comparatively new study of plants in relation to their environment, contributes toward a keener ...

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II. THE OPEN FIELD

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pp. 9-23

EACH uncultivated field or meadow is a natural garden covered over with many different kinds of flowers gathered together in lavish numbers. It is this wealth of plants that the farmer struggles against when he sows his grasslands. Because of them he ...

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III. THE JUNIPER HILLSIDE

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pp. 24-34

THE dry sunny hillside is so rocky and exposed that only a few plants are able to adapt themselves to its rigorous conditions. Among them the red cedar, Juniperus virginiana, is the most prominent. They scatter over the hillside; they crown the knolls; they ...

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IV. THE GRAY BIRCHES

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pp. 35-38

WHEREVER there are gray birches, Nature is in one of her lightest moods. These gray-white trees of slender form gather together in fairy-like groves. Their slim grace is accentuated by the way they often spring up in fives and sixes from a single root. When ...

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V. THE PINES

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pp. 39-42

WHITE pines are lordly evergreens. Within the forest they have trunks of marvelous straightness that rise without side branches to a great height The infinite repetition of the vertical lines expresses their stateliness. On the edge of the woods, however, the ...

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VI. THE OAK WOODS

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pp. 43-56

OAK woods are found on uplands. They rise above the streams and ponds, surround the sunny fields, fringe the juniper slopes, and cover many a hillside. Sometimes, on the one hand, there are aged white pines left among them on the ridges, and on the other ...

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VII. THE BEECH-MAPLE-HEMLOCK WOODS

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pp. 57-65

BEECHES, maples and hemlocks are found growing together in old and stately woods. The hemlocks are tall evergreen trees with seal brown trunks, drooping branches and short flat needles. The maples are sturdy round-topped trees. Their trunks are ...

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VIII. THE HEMLOCK RAVINE

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pp. 66-74

HEMLOCKS grow on the side of deep ravines. Their roots find foothold between big boulders. Their tall dark trunks tower beside great cliffs. Their soft branches throw shadows over fern-covered rocks. In the deep hollows water trickles over mossy ledges. All ...

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IX. THE STREAM-SIDE

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pp. 75-87

MANY kinds of trees, a great variety of shrubs and innumerable herbaceous plants grow along streams and rivers. The ever-present supply of water and the moisture-laden atmosphere give them an ideal environment. And, as the stream meanders between ...

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X. THE POND

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pp. 88-97

AQUATICS are plants that thrive in quiet water and full sunlight. Many kinds of native aquatics, water shields, water lilies and water crowfoots, arrowheads, pickered-weeds, arrow arums and water plantains, sweet flags, wild callas, bur-reeds, sedges, ...

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XI. THE BOG

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pp. 98-102

A TYPICAL bog is a perfect circle with the plants arranged according to a definite plan into a series of concentric zones. In the very middle there is often a pool of water which is surrounded by a broad band of sphagnum. This moss is springy and spongy and ...

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XII. THE SEASIDE

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pp. 103-116

ALONG the North Atlantic coast with its far look to sea and with its great sweep of the sky, with its shelving rocks, undulating dunes and sandy flats, a small group of trees, shrubs and flowers grows with rugged vigor. ...

INDEX

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pp. 117-132

APPENDIX

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pp. 133-145