Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

Dean MacCannell started The Tourist—the first and, to this day, the most influential, scholarly study of tourism—by stating that '''the tourist' is one of the best models available for modern-man-in-general" (MacCannell 1976:1). Indeed, both "the traveler" and "the tourist"—not to be confused or conflated—have long been important metaphors...

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1. What's in a Site?: The Making of "Scenic Spots"

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pp. 3-25

The cover of the March 1982 issue of Tourist (Liiyou), one of China's newly launched travel magazines, shows the tourist as Westerner. Unlike the Soviet Union, where a form of what we might call wilderness tourism was valorized as contributing to the physical and moral fitness of the Soviet person, Maoist China saw tourism as an element...

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2. Two Sites and a Non-Site: Mounts Emei, Jiuzhaigou, and Songpan

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pp. 26-57

Sichuan Province is part of the historical heartland: it is associated with cultural and political heroes from Li Bo to Deng Xiaoping and has a wealth of historic mingsheng, including the sacred Mount Emei, the Three Gorges of the Yangzi, and Leshan, with its giant Buddha statue...

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3. Making Sense of Scenic Spots

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pp. 58-98

Encasement and uniformity are prominent features of tourism development in China. These are related to the revival of pre-modern representations of mingsheng, which is in turn facilitated by China's lack of the distinctly modern, romantic, exploratory, and self-bettering discourses of tourism that emerged in the West after the...

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4. Scenic Spots Beyond the Border: Migration, Tourism, and Cultural Authority

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pp. 99-108

Since the People's Republic embarked on the modernization drive that became supreme state ideology and social mantra after 1978, Chinese citizens have continuously been challenged to travel in multiple ways (see Rofel I992). As Xin Liu (1997) has pointed out, a "spatial hierarchy" arose in which one's "success" as...

Notes

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pp. 109-114

Bibliography

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pp. 115-130

Index

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pp. 131-134