Cover

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Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Table of Contents

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p. vii

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Introduction

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pp. 1-17

The publication of Patricia Crone and Michael Cook’s controversial study Hagarism in 1977 unquestionably marks a watershed in the study of religious culture in the early medieval Near East, even if its significance has occasionally been underestimated by other specialists in this field.1 In particular, ...

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Chapter 1. “A Prophet Has Appeared, Coming with the Saracens”: Muhammad’s Leadership during the Conquest of Palestine According to Seventh- and Eighth-Century Sources

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pp. 18-72

At least eleven sources from the seventh and eighth centuries indicate in varied fashion that Muhammad was still alive at the time of the Palestinian conquest, leading his followers into the Holy Land some two to three years after he is supposed to have died in Medina according to traditional Islamic accounts. ...

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Chapter 2. The End of Muhammad’s Life in Early Islamic Memory: The Witness of the Sīra Tradition

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pp. 73-117

Any effort to reconstruct the life of Muhammad and the origins of the religious movement that he founded must confront the difficult problem that there are only a handful of Islamic sources from the early period that convey any information regarding his life—or death, for that matter. Particularly troubling ...

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Chapter 3. The Beginnings of Islam and the End of Days: Muhammad as Eschatological Prophet

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pp. 118-196

Insofar as the early sīra traditions preserve a memory of Islamic origins that has been deeply colored, if not completely determined, by the faith and practice of Islam during the eighth and ninth centuries, one must look elsewhere for evidence of what the “historical” Muhammad and his earliest followers ...

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Chapter 4. From Believers to Muslims, from Jerusalem to the Hijāz: Confessional Identity and Sacred Geography in Early Islam

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pp. 197-265

The Hour’s failure to arrive in a timely fashion certainly must have required Muhammad’s early followers to undertake a profound reinterpretation and revision of his original message, much as one similarly finds in the wake of early Christianity’s failed eschatological expectations. Inasmuch as Muhammad ...

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Conclusion: Jesus and Muhammad, the Apostle and the Apostles

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pp. 266-278

The Islamic tradition reports Muhammad’s death at Medina in 632 before the Near Eastern conquests with remarkable consistency, a fact that might appear to inspire some sort of confidence in the historical accuracy of this account. Nevertheless, at present we do not have any evidence that this particular ...

Notes

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pp. 279-352

Bibliography

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pp. 353-390

Index

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pp. 391-406

Acknowledgments

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pp. 407-408