Title Page

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pp. i-iii

Copyright, Dedication

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pp. iv-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

About the Author

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

MANY PEOPLE have crossed my path and shared my journey during the data collection, analysis, and writing stages that culminated in this book. I am grateful to all who have given me support in the multiple ways humans desire and need. I want to especially thank the individuals who provided research assistance on this project: Sandra ...

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Chapter 1 Introduction

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pp. 1-22

THE TITLE for this book emerged from research data showing that during the three years following the attacks of September 11, 2001, a majority of Arab Muslim Americans reported feeling unsafe and insecure in the United States.1 This sense of insecurity, which was not only articulated in narratives but was palpable, was an outcome of their treatment by the American government and some members of the American ...

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Chapter 2

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pp. 23-63

THE FOLLOWING oral histories take readers in-depth into the lives of eight Arab American Muslims: four members of an Arab American family and four individuals, two of them men and two of them women. Three of the interviewees were born in the United States, one immigrated as a young child, and the rest were adult immigrants. Their ....

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Chapter 3

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pp. 64-109

THE NEGATIVE post-9/11 experiences described by Arab Muslims in the research interviews as chilling, destabilizing, and even frightening were set in motion by social constructions of their relationship to the attacks, not by the attacks alone. When allegations (examples ...

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Chapter 4

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pp. 110-152

ATTORNEY GENERAL John Ashcroft’s declaration that “the world will never be the same” was a prescient script for the American government’s actions after the 9/11 attacks, whether in the United States, the Arab and Muslim worlds, or other outposts of the global “war ...

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Chapter 5

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pp. 153-189

THE GOVERNMENT’S measures directed at Arab and Muslim American communities were conducted with widespread public acquiescence, if not approval, according to the opinion poll data cited in previous chapters, although in the context of organized dissent. Public consent was built to a significant degree on fears that another attack might occur, ...

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Chapter 6

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pp. 190-228

IN GENERAL, the safety of Arabs and Muslims on the American street was fragile for a few years after the 9/11 attacks, although some persons were more vulnerable to hate encounters than others and some places presented more risk than others. Risk of death was highest in the first few weeks after the attacks, but over time hate actions directed ...

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Chapter 7

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pp. 229-262

IN CHAPTER 6, I argued that the 9/11 attacks constituted a trigger event for the open expression of animosity toward Arab and Muslim Americans living in the southwest suburbs of Chicago, a sentiment that had been building long before the attacks and was related to perceptions associated with their increasing presence in the area. I compared ...

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Chapter 8

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pp. 263-280

UPON FINAL analysis, the post-9/11 experience for Arab and Muslim Americans reveals a paradoxical historical moment. At the same time as members of these groups have since 9/11 experienced extensive institutional discrimination, government targeting (mainly focused on men), and public attacks (largely focused on women and ...

Notes

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pp. 281-296

References

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pp. 297-310

Index

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pp. 311-325