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Nassau Plantation
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summary
In the 1840s an organization of German noblemen, the Mainzner Adelsverein, attempted to settle thousands of German emigrants on the Texas frontier. Nassau Plantation, located near modern-day Round Top, Texas, in northern Fayette County, was a significant part of this story. James C. Kearney has studied a wealth of original source material (much of it in German) to illuminate the history of the plantation and the larger goals and motivation of the Adelsverein. This new study highlights the problematic relationship of German emigrants to slavery. Few today realize that the society’s original colonization plan included ownership and operation of slave plantations. Ironically, the German settlements the society later established became hotbeds of anti-slavery and anti-secessionist sentiment. Several notable personalities graced the plantation, including Carl Prince of Solms-Braunfels, Johann Otto Freiherr von Meusebach, botanist F. Lindheimer, and the renowned naturalist Dr. Ferdinand Roemer. Dramatic events also occurred at the plantation, including a deadly shootout, a successful escape by two slaves (documented in an unprecedented way), and litigation over ownership that wound its way to both the Texas Supreme Court and the U.S. Supreme Court.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. i-viii
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-10
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  1. Chapter 1. The Adelsverein
  2. pp. 11-23
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  1. Chapter 2. Joseph Count of Boos-Waldeck
  2. pp. 25-38
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  1. Chapter 3. The Plantation
  2. pp. 39-52
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  1. Chapter 4. Germany and Texas in 1843 and 1844
  2. pp. 53-62
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  1. Chapter 5. The Runaways
  2. pp. 63-74
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  1. Chapter 6. Carl Prince of Solms-Braunfels
  2. pp. 75-92
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  1. Chapter 7. Friedrich von Wrede
  2. pp. 93-102
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  1. Chapter 8. Das Herrenhaus
  2. pp. 103-108
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  1. Chapter 9. The Plantation and Agriculture in Fayette County
  2. pp. 109-122
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  1. Chapter 10. Die Katastrophe
  2. pp. 123-152
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  1. Chapter 11. Otto von Roeder
  2. pp. 153-164
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  1. Chapter 12. Nassau-Rosenberg
  2. pp. 165-182
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  1. Chapter 13. The Adelsverein, the Plantation, and Slavery
  2. pp. 183-206
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  1. Chapter 14. A Clouded Title
  2. pp. 207-218
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  1. Postscript
  2. pp. 219-232
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  1. Appendix A. Boos-Waldeck Purchases
  2. pp. 233-236
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  1. Appendix B. Bourgeois d’Orvanne Inventory, July 1844
  2. pp. 237-242
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  1. Appendix C. Inventory, December 1847
  2. pp. 243-244
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  1. Appendix D. Slave Inventories
  2. pp. 245-246
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  1. Appendix E. Proclamation Concerning Slavery
  2. pp. 247-248
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  1. Appendix F. Descriptions of the Herrenhaus
  2. pp. 249-254
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  1. A Note on Sources and Abbreviations
  2. pp. 255-262
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 263-318
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  1. Select Bibliography
  2. pp. 319-336
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 337-355
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