In this Book

Between Terror and Tolerance
summary

Civil war and conflict within countries is the most prevalent threat to peace and security in the opening decades of the twenty-first century. A pivotal factor in the escalation of tensions to open conflict is the role of elites in exacerbating tensions along identity lines by giving the ideological justification, moral reasoning, and call to violence. Between Terror and Tolerance examines the varied roles of religious leaders in societies deeply divided by ethnic, racial, or religious conflict. The chapters in this book explore cases when religious leaders have justified or catalyzed violence along identity lines, and other instances when religious elites have played a critical role in easing tensions or even laying the foundation for peace and reconciliation.

This volume features thematic chapters on the linkages between religion, nationalism, and intolerance, transnational intra-faith conflict in the Shi'a-Sunni divide, and country case studies of societal divisions or conflicts in Egypt, Israel and Palestine, Kashmir, Lebanon, Nigeria, Northern Ireland, Sri Lanka, Sudan, and Tajikistan. The concluding chapter explores the findings and their implications for policies and programs of international non-governmental organizations that seek to encourage and enhance the capacity of religious leaders to play a constructive role in conflict resolution.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover, Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. Cover-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Introduction: Religious Leaders, Conflict, and Peacemaking
  2. pp. 1-8
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  1. CHAPTER 1 Religion, Nationalism, and Intolerance
  2. pp. 9-28
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  1. CHAPTER 2 Religious Leaders, Sectarianism, and the Sunni-Shi'a Divide in Islam
  2. pp. 29-57
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  1. CHAPTER 3 Between Intolerance and Coexistence: The Vatican, Maronites, and the War in Lebanon
  2. pp. 49-68
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  1. CHAPTER 4 Globalization, Religion, and Nationalism in Israel and Palestine
  2. pp. 69-84
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  1. CHAPTER 5 Egypt and the Legacy of Sectarianism
  2. pp. 85-104
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  1. CHAPTER 6 Religion, War, and Peacemaking in Sudan: Shari'a, Identity Politics, and Human Rights
  2. pp. 105-122
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  1. CHAPTER 7 Nigeria's Religious Leaders in an Age of Radicalism and Neoliberalism
  2. pp. 123-144
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  1. CHAPTER 8 Just Enough to Hate-Not Enough to Love: Religious Leaders in Northern Ireland
  2. pp. 145-168
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  1. CHAPTER 9 Religion, War, and Peace in Tajikistan
  2. pp. 169-182
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  1. CHAPTER 10 The Spoiler and the Reconciler: Buddhism and the Peace Process in Sri Lanka
  2. pp. 183-200
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  1. CHAPTER 11 Piety and Politics: Religious Leadership and the Conflict in Kashmir
  2. pp. 201-226
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  1. CONCLUSION: From Terror to Tolerance to Coexistence in Deeply Divided Societies
  2. pp. 227-240
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  1. List of Contributors
  2. pp. 241-246
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 247-270
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