Front Cover

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Front Flap

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Title Page

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Copyright Information

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Table of Contents

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Preface

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pp. vii-x

As this book was in the final stages of preparation, the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in Japan was damaged severely by a catastrophic earthquake and tsunami that left its cooling systems disabled and radioactive materials leaking into the surrounding environment. The emergency received the International Atomic Energy Agency’s highest rating...

Acknowledgments

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p. xi

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1. Introduction: Planning a Responsible Nuclear Energy Future

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pp. 17-30

Nuclear energy is a twentieth-century innovation but until recently has not spread beyond a relatively small number of industrialized nations (see maps on pages 4 and 5). All this is about to change. With global electricity demand increasing dramatically and greenhouse gas emissions and energy security becoming national priorities, developed and...

Part 1: Changing Proliferation Dynamic

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2. Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation: Today's Challenges

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pp. 17-30

For nuclear security writ large, a major expansion of nuclear energy could present both traditional and new challenges. Although the nuclear nonproliferation regime provides assurances that nuclear power is not misused for weapons purposes, the dual-use nature of the technology means that regardless of intent, some nuclear capabilities could provide a baseline from which a nuclear weapons program could proceed...

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3. Commercial Nuclear Markets and Nonproliferation

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pp. 31-65

A dramatic increase in demand for nuclear power could have a large impact on the commercial nuclear industry. Existing companies might see expanded commercial opportunities, while new private sector entrants might be dissuaded by high capital costs, required degree of specialization...

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4. Industry and Emerging Nuclear Energy Markets

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pp. 66-119

As mentioned previously, a notable feature of the nuclear renaissance is the widespread interest in nuclear power, especially in countries without a commercial nuclear infrastructure.1 According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), at least sixty-five countries have expressed such interest, most from outside the industrialized economies of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the main locus...

Part 2: Industry's Views

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5. Nuclear Risks: The Views of Industry, Governments, and Nongovernmental Organizations

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pp. 123-140

Nuclear commerce is one of the most heavily regulated areas of global trade. In traditional supplier countries, exports often are preceded by government agreements setting a framework for bilateral nuclear cooperation, usually handled as important diplomatic events. Major reactor sales generally require such agreements, although there is no international standard for them....

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6. Multilateral Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

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pp. 141-168

States may seek independence in fuel cycle development for many reasons, including national prestige, regional political prominence, technological independence, assurance of nuclear fuel supply, or even a determination to acquire nuclear weapons or to be in a position to do so.1 Whatever the motivation, the link between national...

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7. Expanding Industry’s Nonproliferation Role

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pp. 169-200

A major theme of this volume is that in order to achieve successful nuclear nonproliferation in the decades ahead, the global nuclear industry must become a stronger partner of governments, international organizations, civil society, and other stakeholders in nonproliferation efforts. As a consequence, it is vital for industry not only to support the efforts...

Appendix: The Brookings Survey

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pp. 201-218

About the Authors

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p. 219

Index

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pp. 221-238

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Back Cover

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