The Social Effects of Mass Incarceration
Publication Year: 2004
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
TItle Page, Copyright
This volume grew out of the 2001 conference “The Effects of Incarceration on Children and Families,” hosted by the Institute for Policy Research (IPR) at Northwestern University. The conference brought together academics, practitioners, and activists to share empirical research, theories, and testimonies on the impact of mass incarceration in the United States. Although only some of the papers...
The family life of the poor has changed dramatically over the past thirty years. Since 1970, rates of divorce have increased by about one-third (U.S. Department of Commerce 2001, 87) and rates of nonmarital childbearing have roughly doubled (McLanahan and Casper 1995, 11). Consequently, the proportion of single parents in the population increased...
PART I: Families
2. Incarceration and the Bonds Between Parents
The family life of the poor has changed dramatically over the past thirty years. Since 1970, rates of divorce have increased by about one-third (U.S. Department of Commerce 2001, 87) and rates of nonmarital childbearing have roughly doubled (McLanahan and Casper 1995, 11). Consequently, the proportion of single parents in the population increased substantially. Among white women aged twenty-five...
3. Fatherhood and Incarceration as Potential Turning Points in the Criminal Careers of Unskilled Men
Over the past thirty years, three interrelated trends have profoundly affected the lives of low-income men. First, wages for low-skilled men employed full-time and full-year have declined sharply, as has the proportion of men who do work full-time and full-year. The drop has been substantial for African Americans and Latinos, but especially dramatic for unskilled whites (Bound and Johnson 1992; Katz and Murphy 1992; Lerman 1993), a trend that continued even through...
4. Returning to Strangers: Newly Paroled Young Fathers and Their Children
In recent years, academics have begun to focus more attention on the effects of our nation’s high rate of incarceration. One area of concern has been the impact of prison on inmate parents and the other parent of their children (see chapters 2 and 3 in this volume). In general, research and policy efforts have been directed toward adult inmates; little thought has been given to their juvenile counterparts. This lack of attention is surprising in light of estimates suggesting that a large...
5. Children of Incarcerated Parents: Multiple Risks and Children’s Living Arrangements
State and federal inmates were parents to more than 1.3 million children in 1997, a near tripling of the 1986 figure (Johnson and Waldfogel 2002). This dramatic increase in the number of parents in prison has prompted concern about the well-being of children whose parents are incarcerated. But parental incarceration is only one of many factors that may influence how these children are faring...
PART II: Communities
6. Effects of Incarceration on Informal Social Control in Communities
Over the past twenty years, the United States has experienced a massive increase in imprisonment (Lynch and Sabol 1997; Blumstein and Beck 1999). From 1980 and 2002, U.S. prison populations increased from about 330,000 persons (Gilliard and Beck 1996) to more than 2 million (Harrison and Beck 2003). The estimated number of persons who had ever been incarcerated in state or federal prisons increased...
7. Lost Voices: The Civic and Political Views of Disenfranchised Felons
Incarceration affects many aspects of community life, from demographic composition to public safety. In addition, it silences the political voices of millions of disenfranchised felons and dilutes the political strength of the groups to which they belong...
8. Will Employers Hire Former Offenders?: Employer Preferences, Background Checks, and Their Determinants
The U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) estimates that, at current incarceration rates, approximately 9 percent of all men residing in the United States will serve some time in state or federal prisons. For certain subgroups of the population, the proportion likely to serve time is quite large. For example, according to these estimates, nearly 30 percent of African American men and 16 percent of Hispanic...
9. Reentry and Reintegration: New Perspectives on the Challenges of Mass Incarceration
The steady growth of imprisonment in America over the past generation has created an unprecedented social and policy challenge: the reintegration of large numbers of individuals who have spent time in America’s prisons. This challenge has been largely overlooked amid the intense political and philosophical debates over our sentencing policies that have accompanied the inexorable rise in the rate of imprisonment in this country...
Page Count: 288
Publication Year: 2004
OCLC Number: 794701238
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