Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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CONTENTS

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p. v

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

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p. vii

Alice O'Connor is associate professor of history at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

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FOREWORD

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pp. ix-xi

On April 19, 2007, the Russell Sage Foundation will celebrate its centennial, 100 years to the day since Margaret Olivia Sage dedicated the foundation, in her husband’s name, “to the improvement of social and living conditions in the United States of America.” From the outset, social research played a key role in the foundation’s ...

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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p. xiii

For their invaluable comments and willingness to listen as I worked out the ideas in this book, I owe a great deal of thanks to Nelson Lichtenstein, Mary Furner, and Ira Katznelson. The manuscript also benefited from readings by outside reviewers, and from the research ...

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INTRODUCTION

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pp. 1-10

During the weeks following its founding in early spring of 1907, the Russell Sage Foundation did something that established it as a kind of unofficial keeper of the larger philanthropic idea. The foundation trustees invited critical comment from various academics and social ...

PART I. RECONNECTING TO THE PROGRESSIVE PAST

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p. 11

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CHAPTER 1. ENGAGING THE SOCIAL QUESTION AT THE EARLY RUSSELL SAGE FOUNDATION

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pp. 13-47

The Pittsburgh Survey has been a rapid, close range investigation of living conditions in the Pennsylvania steel district. . . . It has been made practicable by co-operation from two quarters—from a remarkable group of leaders and organizations ...

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CHAPTER 2. SOCIAL SCIENCE, THE SOCIAL QUESTION, AND THE VALUE NEUTRALITY DEBATE

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pp. 48-70

When RSF reinvented itself as a social science foundation in the late 1940s, it did not simply break with an earlier vision of social scientific reform. Its trustees also embraced an alternative and, in its own way, equally value-laden vision of relevant social science that had been honed and ...

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PART II. UNDERSTANDING THE CHALLENGE FROM THE RIGHT

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pp. 71-72

To a degree that no doubt would have surprised them, the social scientists at the early Russell Sage Foundation and writing in the broader progressive tradition have a great deal to offer the project of social science and liberal philanthropy today. After all, ...

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CHAPTER 3. UNSETTLING THE SOCIAL QUESTION: FROM CONSENSUS TO COUNTERREVOLUTION IN THE POSTWAR POLITICS OF KNOWLEDGE

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pp. 73-101

Among the central conceits of the modern conservative movement has been to cast itself in counterrevolutionary terms. Nowhere does this play more loudly than from within the self-styled counterintelligentsia (vanguard of the counterrevolution) that for the last ,,,

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CHAPTER 4. THE POOR LAW, THE SOCIAL QUESTION, AND THE NEW POLITICS OF REFORM

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pp. 102-117

When conservatives tell the story of counterrevolution, two themes invariably loom large. One is the moral failure of liberalism. The other is the power of conservative ideas. Nowhere do they come together more powerfully than in the story conservative intellectuals tell about ...

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CHAPTER 5. THE COUNTER INTELLIGENTSIA,THE SOCIAL QUESTION, AND THE NEW GOSPEL OF WEALTH

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pp. 118-139

Ultimately, it was a different kind of political mobilization that channeled right-wing issue revolts in such incendiary areas as welfare, taxes, and race into a more sustained ideological counterrevolution, and that took on the liberal social scientific establishment ...

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CHAPTER 6. CONCLUSION

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pp. 140-146

In the opening chapters of this book, I addressed the enduring relevance of Progressive-era social knowledge by emphasizing its origins in a social question that resonates powerfully with the challenges before liberal democracies today. No challenge links the two

NOTES

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pp. 147-156

REFERENCES

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pp. 157-167

INDEX

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pp. 169-178