Cover

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Title page

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Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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p. vii

My warmest thanks are due to the many illustrious unamunistas to whom I am so deeply indebted, and whose work, bridging the last half of the twentieth century, I have been able only partially to recognize in my text, notes, and bibliography. Very special ...

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Introduction: Chiasmus, Word, and Flesh

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pp. 1-18

The venerable OED defines chiasmus as “a grammatical figure by which the order of words in one of two parallel clauses is inverted in the other.” Its Greek etymon, ...

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Chapter One. History as Presence: Paz en la guerra

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pp. 19-49

As the Tolstoyan echo in its title indicates,1 Unamuno regarded his first novel, based on the Carlist War of 1872–76, as having been created within the great tradition of nineteenth-century historical fiction, and in the prologue to its second edition he ...

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Chapter Two. Invention of the Nivola

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pp. 50-99

In his presentation of the traditionalist/liberal conflict in Paz en la guerra, Unamuno had shown that, like his Pachico Zabalbide, he could be simultaneously conservative and progressive, having both a spiritual need for intrahistoric continuity with ...

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Chapter Three. Novels of Passion: Monsters of Will

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pp. 100-155

When Unamuno wrote in 1923 that the novels that followed Paz en la guerra were set “fuera de lugar y tiempo determinados, en esqueleto, a modo de dramas íntimos” (2: 91), he had already published the greater part of his narrative fiction, ...

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Chapter Four. Lacquer Boxes: Cómo se hace una novela and the Return of the Nivola

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pp. 156-174

In 1914 Unamuno was summarily dismissed from his position as Rector of the University of Salamanca for reasons that Emilio Salcedo (188–90) supposes to be a combination of the indignation of conservatives over the heterodoxy of the recently ...

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Chapter Five. The Return of Intrahistoria: San Manuel Bueno, mártir y tres historias más

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pp. 175-221

The narratives in Unamuno’s last book of fiction are so varied in character, setting, and tone that he felt a need to identify in his prologue the common thread uniting them, which he calls “el pavoroso problema de la personalidad, si uno es lo que es y ...

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Chapter Six. Retrospect: The Great Chiasmus and Beyond

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pp. 222-228

A retrospective survey of these studies of structures and themes in Unamuno’s novels inevitably leads to a review of the major lines of commentary I have attempted to follow in the course...

Notes

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pp. 229-248

Works Consulted

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pp. 249-258

Index

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pp. 259-264