Debating Islam in the Jewish State
The Development of Policy Toward Islamic Institutions in Israel
Publication Year: 2001
Published by: State University of New York Press
Series: SUNY series in Israeli Studies
List of Figures
The ideas for this book developed over several years spent at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at Harvard University. My deepest gratitude goes to Professor William Graham who read endless drafts of the chapters and provided me with countless comments, ideas, and encouragement. His interest and commitment to the project played a major role in its completion. I would ...
Chapter 1. Introduction
Since the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948, policy towards Muslim communal institutions has been an infrequent subject of discussion at the highest levels of government and society. However, in recent years, the issue has gained increasing prominence as a vocal Islamist Movement has emerged to challenge the state-controlled Islamic establishment and to demand increased communal autonomy. The most prominent case to date involves a ...
Chapter 2. The Rise and Fall of the Ministry of Minority Affairs
In May 1948, during the opening days of the Israeli War of Independence, the debate over the future of the Arab minority in Israel began in an atmosphere of uncertainty about the future demographics of the Palestinian population. By the conclusion of the war in 1949, only 150,000 Palestinian Arabs would remain out of a prestate population of 800,000; moreover, Muslim community ...
Chapter 3. ANew Rivalry: The Ministry of Religious Affairs and the Advisor to the Prime Minister on Arab Affairs
Mter Ben-Gurion abolished the Ministry of Minority Affairs in June 1949, it seemed likely that the Ministry of Religious Mfairs, with Dr. Hirshberg at the helm, would finally get the green light to administer Muslim affairs without interference. Hirshberg, having superseded Shitrit in the area of Muslim affairs, now adopted some of his former opponent's views concerning communal ...
Chapter 4. Defining the Role of Shari' a Courts, Qadis, and Islamic Law
The conflict over the appointment of Taher al-Tabari highlighted the need for legislation on the appointment of qadis and the jurisdiction of the shari'a courts.1 The issue of who had the authority to make qadi appointments was at the center of the debate over the degree of autonomy to be granted to the Muslim community in Israel and dominated the disputes over the Qadi Law ...
Chapter 5. Protection of Holy Places: The Foreign Policy Dimension
As a result of intrinsic international interest in the Holy Land, home to many of the sacred sites of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, Israeli policy towards holy places faced constant global scrutiny. For the world, Israel's treatment of these sites provided a convenient barometer to measure the degree of the new state's commitment to its Proclamation of Independence pledge (14 May ...
Chapter 6. Islamic Education in Israel
Whereas the Ministry of Religious Affairs played a decisive role in defining policy towards most Islamic institutions, including shari'a courts and holy places, the Ministry of Education and Culture had near exclusive jurisdiction over Muslim education policy. The young, socialist state strictly relegated religion to two distinct domains: personal status and freedom of worship. ...
Chapter 7. The Decline of the Religious Establishment and the Islamist Movement Challenge
By the 1960s, the consequences of neglecting Islamic education in the schools became increasingly clear. Because of the Ministry of Education's exclusive mandate over religious instruction, no alternative sources of formal Muslim education existed in Israel, with one exception: the short-lived attempt by the five Muslim local advisory committees to offer summer courses for children. ...
Chapter 8. Conclusion
This study represents just the tip of the iceberg of the history of policy towards Muslim communal institutions in Israel. A lack of sufficient primary sources limited its scope, as most government documents for the years following 1967 remain classified, as do many earlier ones on controversial issues such as the waqf. Thus, only selected seminal policies could be examined in depth, leaving ...
Page Count: 239
Publication Year: 2001
Series Title: SUNY series in Israeli Studies
Series Editor Byline: Russell Stone See more Books in this Series
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