Title Page

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p. iii

Copyright

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p. iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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About the Authors

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pp. vii-viii

ÈVE CAROLI is professor of economics at University Paris X-Nanterre and senior researcher at EconomiX and the Paris School of Economics. JÉRÔME GAUTIÉ is professor of economics at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, senior researcher at the Centre d’Economie de...

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INTRODUCTION

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pp. 1-15

By any reasonable standard definition of “low-wage work,” about a quarter of American wage earners are low-wage workers. The corresponding figure is smaller, sometimes much smaller, in other comparable advanced capitalist countries. This fact is not very good...

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CHAPTER 1

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pp. 16-27

The impact on the low-skilled/low-pay labor market of economic factors such as technical change, globalization, and, to a lesser extent, changes in financial markets has been scrutinized by many research works both in the United States and Europe. France is no exception in...

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CHAPTER 2

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pp. 28-87

This chapter presents an overview of the low-wage labor market in France. The presentation is intended to provide background information for the following industry chapters and to highlight the specifics of the French low-wage labor market from a comparative...

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CHAPTER 3

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pp. 88-126

France’s food-processing sector is particularly interesting to study because it has many employees and is representative of the French employment model described in the previous chapter. Indeed, the sector is characterized by large numbers of low-skilled...

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CHAPTER 4

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pp. 127-167

Of the five sectors studied in this book, the hospital sector may display the largest number of distinctive features. It combines characteristics of both industry and the service sector. On the “industrial” side, its activities depend on major investments in equipment and rapid technical...

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CHAPTER 5

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pp. 168-208

France, with its leading role in tourism, has been one of the world pioneers in the hotel industry ever since its first luxury hotels sprang up in the 1920s. This sector has never been much of a pioneer, however, with respect to the social progress of its workers. Indeed...

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CHAPTER 6

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pp. 209-253

The leading global retailer Wal-Mart and the German hard discounter Lidl are both subjects of wonder because of their overall business performance. They are also criticized as threats to society, especially by trade unions. These firms, their business, and their human resource...

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CHAPTER 7

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pp. 254-287

As in the United States, call centers are an emerging tertiary activity in France, characterized by a process of industrialization and flexibility in response to their competitive environment. Their recent and rapid development and the lack of institutional and regulatory...

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CHAPTER 8

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pp. 288-301

This research was motivated by questions about institutions, and we can now draw lessons from our results about the role of French institutions in shaping the low-wage labor market at a global level and in promoting “high-road” management practices at the micro level...

Index

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pp. 303-315