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Table of Contents

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pp. v-vi

About the Authors

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

This volume originally grew out of the joint Russell Sage Foundation and Rockefeller Foundation research program on the Future of Work. Since 1994 the program has mobilized scholars from various social science disciplines to analyze the profound changes in U.S. labor markets since the 1970s, as evidenced by ...

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Chapter 1 Introduction

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pp. 1-26

The research reported in this volume analyzes the nexus between criminal-justice policies and labor markets, from the perspective of released prisoners. Like other formative social institutions, the labor market is integral to the successful reentry and reintegration of released prisoners into their families and communities. ...

Part I Macro and Micro Contexts of Prisoner Reentry

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Chapter 2 The Regime of Mass Incarceration: A Labor-Market Perspective

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pp. 29-79

In this chapter we set the stage empirically and conceptually for the subsequent contributions that analyze the labor-market conditions for and experiences of the increasing numbers of released prisoners in the United States. Empirically, we situate the problem of prisoner reentry into the labor market within the context of the ...

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Chapter 3 Finding Work on the Outside: Results from the “Returning Home” Project in Chicago

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pp. 80-114

Finding employment after release is one of the most important reintegration challenges facing ex-prisoners, and is one that can have a significant impact on their chances of remaining crime-free. Prior research shows that finding and maintaining a legitimate job after release can reduce the chances of reoffending ...

Part II The Demand Side of the Labor Market

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Chapter 4 The Effect of an Applicant’s Criminal History on Employer Hiring Decisions and Screening Practices: Evidence from Los Angeles

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pp. 117-150

Between 1988 and 2000, the nation’s incarceration rate doubled, from about 250 to nearly 500 per 100,000 persons. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) estimates that approximately 9 percent of all men will serve some time in state or federal prisons, with considerably higher figures for blacks (about 30 percent) ...

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Chapter 5 Two Strikes and You’re Out: The Intensification of Racial and Criminal Stigma

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pp. 151-173

Jerome could have been any one of the hundreds of thousands of young black men released from prison each year, facing bleak employment prospects as a result of their race and criminal record. In this case, Jerome happened to be working for me. He was one of four college students I had hired as “testers” for a study of ...

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Chapter 6 Private Providers of Criminal History Records: Do You Get What You Pay For?

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pp. 174-200

Individuals who have been incarcerated are significantly more likely than the never-incarcerated to have an unstable work career and low earnings potential, owing in part to the stigmatizing impact of a criminal history record.1 Attempts to measure the negative impact on employment outcomes associated with having ...

Part III From Prison to the Labor Market and Back?

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Chapter 7 Status and the Stigma of Incarceration: The Labor-Market Effects of Incarceration, by Race, Class, and Criminal Involvement

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pp. 203-226

Prison growth over the last quarter of the twentieth century is notable not only for its magnitude but also for the fact that it has disproportionately affected already disadvantaged segments of the population. The prison buildup generates three important observations about inequalities related to incarceration. ...

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Chapter 8 Prison-Based Education and Reentry into the Mainstream Labor Market

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pp. 227-256

A troubling fact associated with the historically high incarceration rates of the last twenty years is that they have had a disproportionate effect on disadvantaged and minority men, individuals who have traditionally maintained marginal positions in the mainstream labor market. An important question, therefore, ...

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Chapter 9 Local Labor-Market Conditions and Post-Prison Employment Experiences of Offenders Released from Ohio State Prisons

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pp. 257-303

In this chapter we examine the impacts of local labor-market conditions on the post-prison employment experiences of offenders released from Ohio state prisons during 1999 and 2000. It uses administrative data from the state’s department of correction that are linked to data from the state’s unemployment insurance claims ...

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Chapter 10 The Impact of Local Labor-Market Conditions on the Likelihood that Parolees Are Returned to Custody

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pp. 304-332

The post-release employment experience of a paroled ex-offender is frequently offered as an important determinant of whether the individual successfully completes his or her term of community supervision. Support for this proposition comes from research demonstrating a positive relationship between labor-market ...

Part IV Does Prison Work?

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Chapter 11 The Penal System and the Labor Market

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pp. 335-360

The chapters in this volume are part of a burgeoning research literature that studies the social and economic effects of imprisonment. Earlier work on the effects of incarceration focused on the recidivism of those coming out of prison and jail. Recent research, however, also examines how imprisonment affects the ...

Index

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pp. 361-374