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The Southern and Central Alabama Expeditions of Clarence Bloomfield Moore

Written by Clarence Bloomfield Moore and edited by Craig T. Sheldon Jr

Publication Year: 2001

Covering 19 years of excavations, this volume provides an invaluable collection of Moore's pioneering archaeological investigations along Alabama's waterways.

In 1996, The University of Alabama Press published The Moundville Expeditions of Clarence Bloomfield Moore, which covered a large part of Moore's early archaeological expeditions to the state of Alabama. This volume collects the balance of Moore's Alabama expeditions, with the exception of those Moore made along the Tennessee River, which will be collected in another, forthcoming volume focusing on the Tennessee basin.

This volume includes:

Certain Aboriginal Remains of the Alabama River (1899);

Certain Aboriginal Remains of the Tombigbee River(1901);

a portion of Certain Aboriginal Remains of the Northwest Florida Coast (1901);

The So-Called "Hoe-Shaped Implement" (1903);

Aboriginal Urn-Burial in the United States (1904);

A Form of Urn-Burial on Mobile Bay (1905);

Certain Aboriginal Remains of the Lower Tombigbee River (1905);

Certain Aboriginal Remains on Mobile Bay and on Mississippi Sound (1905);

a portion of Mounds of the Lower Chattahoochee and Lower Flint Rivers (1907);

a portion of The Northwest Florida Coast Revisited(1918).

Craig Sheldon's comprehensive introduction focuses both on the Moore expeditions and on subsequent archaeological excavations at
sites investigated by Moore. Sheldon places Moore's archaeological work in the context of his times and against the backdrop of similar investigations in the Southeast. Sheldon discusses practical matters, such as the various assistants Moore employed and their roles in these historic expeditions. He provides brief vignettes of daily life on the Gopher and describes Moore's work habits, revealing professional and personal biographical details previously unknown about this enigmatic archaeologist.


Published by: The University of Alabama Press


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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. vii-viii

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pp. ix-x

It is an honor to be asked to write the introduction to this volume, which celebrates the one hundredth anniversary of Clarence Bloomfield Moore's first archaeological work in Alabama by reissuing his reports and articles as part of the Classics in Southeastern Archaeology series by the University of Alabama Press. The volumes of the adventures and discoveries of Clarence B. Moore should be a part of the ...

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pp. 1-114

At 7:40 A.M. on a frigid February 8, 1899, the Gopher, a small privately owned steamboat, left the wharves of Mobile, Alabama, and steamed up the Mobile River. Thus began the first of eight voyages of archaeological exploration up the rivers and around the bays of Alabama by Clarence Bloomfield Moore (1852-1936), a wealthy Philadelphian who spent twenty-eight years excavating aboriginal mounds along ...

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Certain Aboriginal Remains of the Alabama River

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pp. 115-176

The union of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers, in the central part of the State of Alabama, forms the Alabama river, which, running in a westerly, and then in a southerly: course through the State, about 375 miles by water: is joined by the Tombigbee river and thence on, under the name of the Mobile river, continues a distance of 50 miles, by water, to Mobile bay, a part of the Gulf of Mexico. ...

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Certain Aboriginal Remains of the Tombigbee River

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pp. 177-194

Two years ago, in 1899, we investigated the antiquities of the Alabama and Mobile rivers1 with rather interesting results, showing the existence on the Alabama river of the custom of plural burials of uncremated remains in urns, these urns being capped by other vessels inverted. It seemed to us that an investigation of the Tombigbee river, which, with the ...

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Certain Aboriginal Remains of the Northwest Florida Coast. Part I [EXCERPT]

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pp. 194-212

During the past ten seasons we have investigated aboriginal remains in the southern United States and have devoted most of that period to Florida and to the States that border it, Alabama and Georgia. By the outline map of Florida which we give, showing the territory covered by our work in that State, it will be seen that. nearly all the waterways had been investigated by us, except the northwest ...

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The So-called "Hoe-Shaped Implement"

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pp. 213-218

In The Wisconsin Archaeologist for October, 1902, is an interesting paper on "The Stone Spud," by Mr. Charles E. Brown, containing much valuable information relative to these curious implements. As I have found, in place, in Florida, in Georgia, and in Alabama, a considerable number of what have been called "hoe-shaped implements" (Mr. Brown's "Class C," ...

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Aboriginal Urn-Burial in the United States

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pp. 219-228

So little exploration of places of aboriginal burial has been conducted in this country, compared with what remains to be accomplished, that nothing final can be written as to the methods and extent of aboriginal urn-burial within the limits of what is now the United States. Nevertheless, certain data on the subject may be of interest to some. ...

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A Form of Urn-Burial on Mobile Bay

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pp. 229-232

In the last number of the American Anthropologist (October-December, 1904) I contributed a paper, "Aboriginal Urn-Burial in the United States." In this paper I pointed out that the occurrence of what might be called a form of urn-burial , namely, the placing of a vessel of earthenware inverted over a skull with which the rest of the skeleton was present had not been reported, to my knowledge, east of Arizona ...

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Certain Aboriginal Remains of the Lower Tombigbee River

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pp. 233-268

As the reader is aware, the Tombigbee and Alabama rivers unite to form the Mobile river about forty-five miles, by water, above the city of Mobile, Alabama. The Mobile river and the Alabama were investigated by us during the season of 1899.1 During the summer of 1900, Mr. J. S. Raybon, captain of the steamer from which our mound work is done, started with a companion at Columbus, Miss., the...

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Certain Aboriginal Remains on Mobile Bay and on Mississippi Sound

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pp. 269-290

Mobile bay, about forty miles in length and twenty-three miles across at its broadest part, is almost surrounded by Baldwin and Mobile counties, in the State of Alabama. An opening at the south connects the bay with the Gulf of Mexico. As shown on the accompanying map, Mississippi sound extends to the westward of Mobile bay, bordering part of Alabama and Mississippi. its length is ...

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Mounds of the Lower Chattahoochee and Lower Flint Rivers [EXCERPT]

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pp. 291-302

Chattahoochee river, having its source in northeastern Georgia, continues in a southwesterly direction until it reaches the middle of the western boundary of the State at Westpoint; thence, flowing in a southerly direction, it forms the boundary between parts of Georgia and of Alabama and, later, between parts of Georgia and of Florida, until its union with the Flint river when, as the Apalachicola river, it ...

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The Northwestern Florida Coast Revisited [EXCERPT]

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pp. 303-310

The end of our work along Green river, Kentucky, in 1916, virtually completed for us the list of all rivers navigable by our steamer, and at the same time not likely to be affected by ice in winter (in summer cultivation bars effective search), to be found in southeastern United States. In addition, all the coast of the same region, navigable to us, had been carefully investigated by our expeditions extending over a ...


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pp. 311-320

E-ISBN-13: 9780817384999
Print-ISBN-13: 9780817310196

Page Count: 322
Publication Year: 2001

OCLC Number: 680620757
MUSE Marc Record: Download for The Southern and Central Alabama Expeditions of Clarence Bloomfield Moore

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Subject Headings

  • Archaeological expeditions -- Alabama.
  • Moore, Clarence B. (Clarence Bloomfield), 1852-1936 -- Travel -- Alabama.
  • Alabama -- Antiquities.
  • Indians of North America -- Alabama -- Antiquities.
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