Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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pp. 6-7

Figures

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pp. 8-8

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Tables

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pp. 8-9

...4.2 Ratio of Spending in Congressional Races, 2000 versus 1980 533.4 Social Characteristics of Donors and General Public, 1996 413.6 Political Attitudes: Conservatives/Liberals, Major Donors 446.2 Diversity in the Federal Workforce: Percentages of Positions6.4 Occupational Status of Federal Executives’ Fathers, by Year 88...

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Preface

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pp. 10-15

Americans believe that democracy isthe most desirable form of govern-ment. They have confidence in the...

Part I: Democratic Theory

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Chapter 1 Issues of Democratic Governance

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pp. 18-35

Most of the theoretical and empiricalstudies of American democracy fo-cus on participation by the public in...

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Chapter 2 The Civic Foundations of American Democracy

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pp. 36-47

In 2001 the New York City chapter of theLeague of Women Voters was about toshut its doors. A declining and aging mem-...

Part II: A Democratic Congress?

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Chapter 3 Campaign Contributions and Democracy

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pp. 50-65

On March 27, 2002, President George W.Bush signed the Bipartisan Campaign Fi-Percentage who say reason is “very important” in making contributions All MajorPercentage who say factor is “always important” in making contributionaNumber of respondents weighted to reflect unequal probabilities of selection....

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Chapter 4 Money and the Possibility of Democratic Governance

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pp. 66-83

On almost any day of the week you canfind members of Congress locked awayin cubicles in their national party head-Source: Federal Election Commission 2001 and author’s calculations.Senate Jon Corzine D-N.J. $60,200,967 $63,209,506 Won general electionSenate Mark Dayton D-Minn. 11,772,067 11,957,114 Won general electionSenate Maria Cantwell D-Wash. 10,331,911 11,571,697 Won general election...

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Chapter 5 Women in Congress: Descriptive Representation and Democratic Governance

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pp. 84-97

The majority of the U.S. population and52 percent of eligible voters—residentsage eighteen and older—are women...

Part III: A Democratic Executive?

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Chapter 6 A Government That Looks Like America?

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pp. 100-115

Citizens and scholars alike have long per-ceived a natural tension between de-mocracy and bureaucracy—a tensionSource: Office of Personnel Management Demographic Profile, September 2000; available at www.opm.gov/feddata/demograp/demograp.asp.Table 6.4 Occupational Status of Federal Executives’ Fathers, by Year(percentage of federal executives who report to political appointees)Table 6.2 Diversity in the Federal Workforce: Percentages of Positions...

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Chapter 7 The Promise and Peril of Presidential Polling: Between Gallup’s Dream and the Morris Nightmare

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pp. 116-129

In 1939 pioneering pollster George Gallupbelieved that surveying would solve many...

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Chapter 8 Democratic Government and the Unilateral Presidency

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pp. 130-139

In the 1960s, Richard Neustadt argued thatseparated institutions with shared powersare the hallmarks of American govern-Source: Data compiled by author from Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents.Source: Data compiled by author from Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents.Source: Data compiled by author from monthly and annual tabulation of significant...

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Chapter 9 Can the Federal Budget Be Democratic?

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pp. 140-157

Tensions exist in any democratic govern-ment. There are tensions between serv-ing special interests and serving the...

Part IV: A Democratic Judiciary?

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Chapter 10 Does a Real Democracy Need Judicial Review? The Supreme Court as an Antidemocratic Institution

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pp. 160-171

Constitutional scholarship on the issue ofjudicial review frequently seems to be a...

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Chapter 11 Entering the “Political Thicket”: The Unintended Consequences of the Supreme Court’s Reapportionment Decisions

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pp. 172-187

As Thomas Jefferson articulated in his firstInaugural Address, the American politi-...

Conclusion

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Chapter 12 Is This Any Way to Run a Democratic Government?

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pp. 190-195

We began our study by asking two ba-sic questions: How democratic is thegovernment of the United States?...

Contributors

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pp. 196-197

Index

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pp. 198-206