Contents

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List of Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiv

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Prologue: "Guide-Book Ike"

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pp. xv-xxxiii

In 1937, two years before Europe descended into the Second World War, the American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC), the organization responsible for the construction and maintenance of permanent American war memorials and cemeteries located overseas, completed its final commemorative project of the Depression era—a comprehensive guide-book titled American Armies and Battlefields in Europe. ...

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Introduction: Memory, History, and America's First World War

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pp. 1-41

Dwight D. Eisenhower was just one of the millions of individuals in the 1920s and 1930s who contributed to what historian Jay Winter has called the “memory boom,” an international wave of public involvement in war remembrance triggered by the cataclysm of the First World War.1 yet for the most part, historians have ignored or misunderstood the American manifestation of this phenomenon. ...

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1. Custodians of Memory: The American Legion and Interwar Culture

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pp. 42-106

When Willard Waller, a history professor at Columbia University, wrote the passage quoted above, as part of a study designed to help American civilians understand the millions of strangers soon to return home from Europe and the Pacific, the conditions of wartime had all but silenced criticism of the once-controversial American legion. ...

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2. Soldiers Well-Known and Unknown: Monuments to the American Doughboy, 1920–1941

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pp. 107-156

If judged by the number and scale of public memorials that it inspired, the First World War produced an outpouring of pride and patriotism unparalleled in American history. Indeed, in some regions of the country today, more World War I memorials exist than any other kind of public commemorative artifact, and the total number of such memorials in the United States would almost certainly run in the tens of thousands. ...

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3. Painters of Memory: Harvey Dunn, Horace Pippin, and John Steuart Curry

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pp. 157-221

Two large-scale projects, each unprecedented in the history of the American military, reflected the AEF’s preoccupation with memory. The first was an effort to document, through photographs, nearly every conceivable facet of the U.S. Army’s activities in France. From 1917 to 1919 the Photographic Division of the U.S. Army Signal Corps...

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4. Memory’s End?: Quentin Roosevelt, World War II, and America’s Last Doughboy

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pp. 222-252

On July 14, 1918 (Bastille Day), Lt. Quentin Roosevelt, the youngest son of former president Theodore Roosevelt, was shot down and killed when his patrol of American airmen encountered a German force over Chamery, France. Accounts of the aerial battle vary greatly. German witnesses, members of the famed Flying Circus (led, at this point, by Hermann Goering, ...

Notes

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pp. 253-276

Bibliography

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pp. 277-290

Index

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pp. 291-304