In this Book

The Catholic Church and the Nation-State
summary
Presenting case studies from sixteen countries on five continents, The Catholic Church and the Nation-State paints a rich portrait of a complex and paradoxical institution whose political role has varied historically and geographically. In this integrated and synthetic collection of essays, outstanding scholars from the United States and abroad examine religious, diplomatic, and political actionsùboth admirable and regrettableùthat shape our world. Kenneth R. Himes sets the context of the book by brilliantly describing the political influence of the church in the post-Vatican II era. There are many recent instances, the contributors assert, where the Church has acted as both a moral authority and a self-interested institution: in the United States it maintained unpopular moral positions on issues such as contraception and sexuality, yet at the same time it sought to cover up its own abuses; it was complicit in genocide in Rwanda but played an important role in ending the horrific civil war in Angola; and it has alternately embraced and suppressed nationalism by acting as the voice of resistance against communism in Poland, whereas in Chile it once supported opposition to Pinochet but now aligns with rightist parties. With an in-depth exploration of the five primary challenges facing the Churchùtheology and politics, secularization, the transition from serving as a nationalist voice of opposition, questions of justice, and accommodation to sometimes hostile civil authoritiesùthis book will be of interest to scholars and students in religion and politics as well as Catholic Church clergy and laity. By demonstrating how national churches vary considerably in the emphasis of their teachings and in the scope and nature of their political involvement, the analyses presented in this volume engender a deeper understanding of the role of the Roman Catholic Church in the world.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
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  1. Tables
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Foreword: Faith and Culture in a Turbulent Age
  2. pp. ix-xi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xii-xiii
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  1. Introduction: Theoretical Considerations on the Relationship between the Catholic Church and the Nation-State
  2. pp. 1-12
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  1. Part One: THE THEOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL CHALLENGES OF THE VATICAN
  2. pp. 13-14
  1. 1. Vatican II and Contemporary Politics
  2. pp. 15-32
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  1. 2. The Vatican as a Transnational Actor
  2. pp. 33-50
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  1. Part Two: THE CHALLENGE OF SECULARIZATION
  2. pp. 51-52
  1. 3. The Latin European Church: “Une Messe Est Possible”
  2. pp. 53-68
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  1. 4. The American Church: Of Being Catholic and American
  2. pp. 69-88
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  1. 5. The Chilean Church: Declining Hegemony?
  2. pp. 89-100
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  1. Part Three: THE CHALLENGE OF OPPOSITION
  2. pp. 101-102
  1. 6. The Polish Church: Catholic Hierarchy and Polish Politics
  2. pp. 103-116
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  1. 7. The Catholic Church in Ireland and Northern Ireland: Nationalism, Identity, and Opposition
  2. pp. 117-130
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  1. 8. The East Timorese Church: From Oppression to Liberation
  2. pp. 131-148
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  1. Part Four: THE CHALLENGE OF JUSTICE
  2. pp. 149-150
  1. 9. The Brazilian Church: Reintegrating Ontology and Epistemology
  2. pp. 151-172
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  1. 10. The Rwandan Church: The Challenge of Reconciliation
  2. pp. 173-190
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  1. 11. The Angolan Church: The Prophetic Tradition, Politics, and the State
  2. pp. 191-206
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  1. Part Five: THE CHALLENGE OF ACCOMMODATION
  2. pp. 207-208
  1. 12. The Indian Church: Catholicism and Indian Nationhood
  2. pp. 209-226
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  1. 13. The Chinese Catholic Church: Obstacles to Reconciliation
  2. pp. 227-244
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  1. 14. The Congolese Church: Ecclesial Community within the Political Community
  2. pp. 245-258
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  1. APPENDIXES
  2. pp. 259-268
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 269-270
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 271-283
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