Society and Settlement
Jewish Land of Israel in the Twentieth Century
Publication Year: 1993
Published by: State University of New York Press
Series: SUNY series in Israeli Studies
Table of Contents
The objective of this study is to present a bridging experiment between general essays on the geography of Israel, such as Karmon (1971), on the one hand, and general works on Israeli society in the past and present, such as Eisenstadt (1967b) and Horowitz and Lissak (1978), on the other. The bridge itself consists of relationships ...
1. Setting the Scene
Several basic questions may be posited on the interrelationships between society and settlement in general and those pertaining to Israel in particular. Which perspectives have been developed for the study of such relationships, and which course has the recent exploration of society and space taken? In which ways do ...
Part 1: Transitions in the Priorities of Zionist Objectives and in Their Geographical Implementation
2. Pre-State Ideological Settlement Activity
"To become a free nation in our land" is probably the key phrase in the Zionist and later Israeli national anthem. This phrase discloses three central objectives of Zionism and the State of Israel: first, the creation and nurture of freedom; second, the concentration or ingathering of the Jewish people; third, the implementation ...
3. Ideological Settlement Activity Since 1948
The establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 created a completely new condition for the implementation of Zionist objectives. As for territory, the desire for sovereignty was satisfied over a major chunk of British Palestine. This sovereignty could, theoretically, have solved the need to acquire territory. Would Zionism ...
Part 2: Jerusalem and Tel Aviv: Conflict Through Complementarity
4. Incubation and Formation of a Capital City and a Core Area
The previous part was devoted to an analysis of two basic questions, one concerning the interrelationship of society and space; and the other, ideology and reality. These questions were What (should be built)? and Why (should these be built)? The "what" were the settlement ideals, the "why" the Zionist objectives. The ...
5. Cultural and Economic Characteristics of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv
The evolution of the contemporary core, first in Jaffa and later in Tel Aviv, was in cultural conflict with and in reaction to the character of Jerusalem, even if part of the economic growth of Jaffa in the nineteenth century was related to the growth of Jerusalem. These cultural differences and competition continued ...
Part 3: Frontiers and Peripheries in Israel
6. The North
The previous part was devoted to the double core of Israel, Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. This part will focus on the other side of the Israeli geographical coin, settlement frontiers and peripheries. Although necessarily discussing earlier cores and core margins, this part will focus on the major "objective regions" of the Zionist enterprise. Some of these regions constitute past ideological cores, ...
7. The South
A vision or an ideology for a regional frontier in Israel was more striking for the Negev than for any other region. This vision was tied to Ben-Gurion in his capacity as the prime minister of the State of Israel during its pioneering years, in the 1950s. Ben-Gurion's attachment to the Negev had started earlier, however. The myth surrounding the idea of occupying the desert and making it...
8. Society and Settlement in the Jewish Land of Israel: Past, Present, and Future
"Man is the mold of his fatherland's landscape," the Hebrew poet Shaul Tchernichovski observed. If we refer to Man as representing not just the individual but the nation and its social sectors, as well, then this phrase has its obverse: "the fatherland's landscape is the mold of its children." These two sides of the coin combine ...
Page Count: 321
Publication Year: 1993
Series Title: SUNY series in Israeli Studies
Series Editor Byline: Russell Stone See more Books in this Series
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