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Abstract

This paper describes the phonetic properties of “Tʙ” in the Wu dialect of Jiangsu and Anhui provinces of China (Su-Wan) boundary and discusses the articulation conditions of “Tʙ” in phonetics. We argue that the consonant, mainly the voiceless apico-alveolar plosives or affricates [t/ts/tʃ] as well as their aspirated counterparts tend to undergo trillization. On the other hand, at least three features [+high][+rounded][+fricative] for the vowels should be guaranteed. It is further argued that unlike the claim of Ladefoged and Everett (1996), “Tʙ” is not rare in the world’s language, but yields a high relevance to the friction of the high rounded vowel.

提要

本文描写了苏皖边界吴语“Tʙ”的语音性质以及“Tʙ”声学上的发音条件。我们认为,从辅音上看,主要是清舌齿塞音和塞擦音[t/ts/tʃ],以及各自相应的送气音易发生唇颤。另一方面,元音则至少具备[+高][+圆唇][+摩擦化]三个特征。本文进一步认为,与Ladefoged和Everett (1996)所说的不同,“Tʙ”在世界语言中并不罕见,“Tʙ”的产生与圆唇高元音的摩擦化密切相关。

Keywords

The Wu dialect of Su-Wan boundary, Voiceless apico-dental plosive followed by bilabial trill, High rounded vowel, Fricative

关键词

苏皖交界地带吴语 清舌齿塞音后接双唇颤音 圆唇高元音 摩擦化

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Additional Information

ISSN
2411-3484
Print ISSN
0091-3723
Launched on MUSE
2018-06-07
Open Access
N

Copyright

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