restricted access Marx and the Kabbalah: Aaron Shemuel Lieberman’s Materialist Interpretation of Jewish History
Abstract

ABSTRACT:

This essay addresses the reception of Karl Marx’s writings among Russian Jewish revolutionaries in the 1870s. It explores the way Aaron Shemuel Lieberman (1843–1880), known as “the father of Jewish socialism,” interpreted Marx through a kabbalistic prism. It argues that Jews were attracted to Marx in part because of the overlaps between historical materialism and certain strands of the kabbalistic tradition. It also sheds light on the early reception of Marx and the way his theory of revolution was reinterpreted to reflect the unique socio-economic conditions of the Russian Empire.


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