restricted access Making the Junta Fascist: Antidictatorial Struggle, the Colonels, and the Statues of Ioannis Metaxas


Why does drawing a comparison between Ioannis Metaxas's interwar dictatorship and the military junta of 1967 appear so obvious nowadays? And how does this comparison contribute to the frequent designation of the latter as fascist? In this article, we examine the belief that the two regimes shared a common fascist ideology as a conceptual monument of the antidictatorial struggle with a profound impact on subsequent historical production. We then ask how the junta itself viewed its relation to Metaxas. By examining several statues of the interwar dictator erected during the junta's rule, we identify internal contradictions and continuous power struggles within the regime's leadership that complicate the comparison with Metaxas, as well as contemporary understandings of Greece's dictatorial past.