Southeast Asia: Voting Against Disorder
Abstract

Abstract:

In the past fifteen years, Southeast Asian electoral democracies have seen illiberal politicians contest—and in some cases win—democratic elections. The presidency of Rodrigo Duterte in the Philippines, whose government has overseen extrajudicial killings while celebrating its promise to provide order and stability to Philippine politics, is but one recent example. Voting against disorder is a threat to democracy throughout Southeast Asia, even in countries such as Indonesia where illiberal politicians have been defeated in competitive elections. When politicians emphasize order over the law, even when they seek electoral legitimation, they undermine democracy itself.