restricted access 黄孝方言的意向处置句 = Dispositional sentences in Huangxiao dialects (in Chinese)


黄孝方言的意向处置句有" A:S+把 T 受+VP+他/渠、B:T 受+S+VP+他/渠、 C:S+VP 不及物+他/渠"3 式,可构成祈使句、主观意志陈述句、疑问句, 强调(主观或希望)将处置。其源流是:话题优先导致有定的受事前置, VP 后用"他/渠"回指,构成 A、B 式,是为 VO 向 TV 语序演变的中间 现象。而后"他/渠"虚化为强调(主观或希望)将处置的语气词,A、 B 式扩展形成 C 式。3 式及其变式的分布存在少量的地域、新老派差异。

Dispositional sentences in Huangxiao Dialects have three patterns: A) S+ba(把)To+VP+ta/q(他/渠), B)To+S+VP+ta/q(他/渠), C)S+VPvi+ta/qu(他/渠). They can be formed into imperative sentence, willful declarative sentence and interrogative sentence, emphasizing personal dispositions. They are caused by topic-prominence with a definite prepositional object, and back-reference withta/qu(他/渠) after VP, forming A and B patterns, which is an intermediate between VO and TV sentence orders. The postpositionalta/qu(他/渠) function as modal particles emphasizing willful dispositions. The extension of Pattern A and Pattern B forms Pattern C. There exist some distributional discrepancy in the three patterns and their variants.