Quebecers see their society as being more just than that of the French. This finding cannot be explained by the relations – which might have been different in each of these two societies – between the micro- and macro-justice, nor by a different effect of self-positioning or subjective mobility on the sentiment of justice in society. These relations are similar in both societies. However, the French position themselves much lower than the Quebecers, they have less confidence in their chances for upward mobility and are much more pessimistic. Unemployment, which is much higher in France, is without a doubt one element that influences these judgments.