Compared with its Western counterpart, Chinese metafiction is a complicated case that flourished in the mixture of modernism and postmodernism and of local sentiments and the globalized context. While Chinese postmodernism has been adequately examined, Chinese metafiction has seldom been explored. To approach the core of Chinese modern/postmodern metafiction, a holistic view is required and a typology is to be established. I identify a typology of Chinese metafiction in terms of four innovative modes, and Chinese metafiction from the mid-1980s to the late 1990s presents different densities along the range of these four modes.


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