Transformational and Transactional Leadership: An Exploration of Gender, Experience, and Institution Type
Abstract

abstract:

This exploratory study examined the rates of transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership among academic library deans, directors, and university librarians to see if any differences in leadership styles existed by gender, age and experience of the leaders, and type of institution in which they worked. The study found no differences between male and female leaders, but women were more likely to use idealized attributes and inspirational motivation, both skills of transformational leaders. The study found no difference in leadership styles by type of institution but did find a strong correlation between the number of years of administrative experience and the use of transactional leadership.