Abstract

This article investigates the hostile U.S. reaction to the First Vatican Council (1869–70) and the doctrine of papal infallibility. For opponents of the Church, the Council Fathers could either make peace with the modern age or, by dogmatizing infallibility, reject progressive principles. Throughout the controversy, Americans closely monitored European developments; read translations of European polemics; and rapturously welcomed a former French friar, Charles Jean Marie Loyson (known as Father Hyacinthe), whose act of rebellion against the Vatican seemed to signal a second Reformation. These events evoke a history of anti-Catholicism in the United States that is less parochial and more sensitive to transnational connections.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1534-0708
Print ISSN
0008-8080
Pages
pp. 695-720
Launched on MUSE
2015-03-01
Open Access
No
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