Abstract

In the 1950s, American and European computer programmers collaborated in an effort to combine the ideal of a machine-independent programming tool with the metaphor of language. This article elaborates on the tension between Algol’s aspired universality and necessary locality of working on a specific machine by contrasting the Amsterdam and Munich styles of programming. It also highlights the Algol controversy on recursive procedures and Edsger Dijkstra’s concept of a machine-independent object language.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1934-1547
Print ISSN
1058-6180
Pages
pp. 52-63
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Open Access
No
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