Abstract

Este artículo explora el discurso que se crea en torno a la mujer "suelta", la viajera y la trotamundos en el mundo hispánico de la temprana modernidad, a través de los ejemplos de Catalina de Erauso, más conocida como la Monja Alférez, y de la cortesana granadina afincada en Roma Isabella de Luna. Si según el mensaje que se desprende de la literatura de conducta, el viaje, como describe Fray Luis de León, "pervierte su propia naturaleza", ¿quéejemplo ofrecen las mujeres que, a pesar de todo, viajan y se mueven incluso hacia otro continente? Los casos analizados permiten indagar cómo la literatura y el discurso que se construye sobre las andanzas de estas mujeres contribuyen a mantener un orden que ya empezaba a mostrar señales de deterioro.

Abstract

Prescriptive literature praised enclosure as the natural state for women and warned against talkative and footloose females. This article studies the trajectory followed by two singular women, one is the case of the pseudo autobiography of Catalina de Erauso, the so-called lieutenant-nun, who fought as a soldier for Spain and traveled throughout Europe and America disguised as a man. The other is Isabella de Luna, a young Spanish woman that followed the Spanish army and became a famous courtesan in Rome. Her sexual appetite and her traveling made her particularly dangerous and she became a target of criticism for women’s transgressions. This study will demonstrate how women out of place (the traveling woman) were a source of anxiety for the hegemonic powers of the time. Literature as this popular saying attests “la mujer honrada en casa y con la pata quebrada” contributed to maintain this soon to be shaken order.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1553-0639
Print ISSN
0018-2176
Pages
pp. 487-504
Launched on MUSE
2014-10-21
Open Access
No
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