This article studies the way in which Rimbaud's work is torn between important antinomies: fiction and reality, poetry and prose. In Rimbaud's first prose and poetry, antinomies are hybridized: reality and fiction meet, and poetry - well before Rimbaud gives up versification - becomes impregnated by prose. Une Saison en enfer establishes a kind of equilibrium: fighting a relentless war, reality and fiction, poetry and prose undergo «fission», a word which renders well the release of a large amount of energy generated by the division and opposition of antinomies. The word also stresses the dynamic that opposes Une Saison and Illuminations which will succeed in establishing a fusion of antinomies. (in French) (DD)


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